Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

How binding of small molecule and peptide ligands to HIV-1 TAR alters the RNA motional landscape


Bardaro, M F; Shajani, Z; Patora-Komisarska, K; Robinson, J A; Varani, G (2009). How binding of small molecule and peptide ligands to HIV-1 TAR alters the RNA motional landscape. Nucleic Acids Research, 37(5):1529-1540.

Abstract

The HIV-1 TAR RNA represents a well-known paradigm to study the role of dynamics and conformational change in RNA function. This regulatory RNA changes conformation in response to binding of Tat protein and of a variety of peptidic and small molecule ligands, indicating that its conformational flexibility and intrinsic dynamics play important roles in molecular recognition. We have used (13)C NMR relaxation experiments to examine changes in the motional landscape of HIV-1 TAR in the presence of three ligands of different affinity and specificity. The ligands are argininamide, a linear peptide mimic of the Tat basic domain and a cyclic peptide that potently inhibits Tat-dependent activation of transcription. All three molecules induce the same motional characteristics within the three nucleotides bulge that represents the Tat-binding site. However, the cyclic peptide has a unique motional signature in the apical loop, which represents a binding site for the essential host co-factor cyclin T1. These results suggest that all peptidic mimics of Tat induce the same dynamics in TAR within this protein binding site. However, the new cyclic peptide mimic of Tat represents a new class of ligands with a unique effect on the dynamics and the structure of the apical loop.

Abstract

The HIV-1 TAR RNA represents a well-known paradigm to study the role of dynamics and conformational change in RNA function. This regulatory RNA changes conformation in response to binding of Tat protein and of a variety of peptidic and small molecule ligands, indicating that its conformational flexibility and intrinsic dynamics play important roles in molecular recognition. We have used (13)C NMR relaxation experiments to examine changes in the motional landscape of HIV-1 TAR in the presence of three ligands of different affinity and specificity. The ligands are argininamide, a linear peptide mimic of the Tat basic domain and a cyclic peptide that potently inhibits Tat-dependent activation of transcription. All three molecules induce the same motional characteristics within the three nucleotides bulge that represents the Tat-binding site. However, the cyclic peptide has a unique motional signature in the apical loop, which represents a binding site for the essential host co-factor cyclin T1. These results suggest that all peptidic mimics of Tat induce the same dynamics in TAR within this protein binding site. However, the new cyclic peptide mimic of Tat represents a new class of ligands with a unique effect on the dynamics and the structure of the apical loop.

Statistics

Citations

42 citations in Web of Science®
38 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

41 downloads since deposited on 30 Dec 2009
5 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Date:2009
Deposited On:30 Dec 2009 09:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkn1074
PubMed ID:19139066

Download