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Dystocia: recognition and management


Reichler, I M; Michel, E (2009). Dystocia: recognition and management. European Journal of Companion Animal Practice, 19(2):165-173.

Abstract

The morbidity and mortality of bitches and queens and their offspring at parturition is significantly
reduced by optimum veterinary care. Usually, the patient's history already indicates that a
parturition disorder may be present. If during physical examination a dystocia is confirmed, the
cause of dystocia, the general condition of the dam and the fetal number and vitality are the
cornerstones of the decision as to whether medical management or surgical therapy is indicated.
As a consequence of scientific progress in veterinary medicine overall, and especially in
veterinary anesthesia, a caesarean section is the treatment of choice in a wide variety of
conditions. Medical management of dystocia is only indicated if expulsion of all fetuses is
possible via the birth canal without delay. If medical therapy fails, surgical intervention is
mandatory.
Keywords: abnormal parturition, dog, cat, obstetrics

Abstract

The morbidity and mortality of bitches and queens and their offspring at parturition is significantly
reduced by optimum veterinary care. Usually, the patient's history already indicates that a
parturition disorder may be present. If during physical examination a dystocia is confirmed, the
cause of dystocia, the general condition of the dam and the fetal number and vitality are the
cornerstones of the decision as to whether medical management or surgical therapy is indicated.
As a consequence of scientific progress in veterinary medicine overall, and especially in
veterinary anesthesia, a caesarean section is the treatment of choice in a wide variety of
conditions. Medical management of dystocia is only indicated if expulsion of all fetuses is
possible via the birth canal without delay. If medical therapy fails, surgical intervention is
mandatory.
Keywords: abnormal parturition, dog, cat, obstetrics

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:12 Jan 2010 07:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Federation of European Companion Animal Veterinary Association
ISSN:1018-2357
Related URLs:http://www.fecava.org/pub/index.php?&view=14 (Publisher)

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