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Implicit need for achievement moderates the relationship between felt competence and subsequent motivation


Schüler, J; Sheldon, K; Fröhlich, S (2010). Implicit need for achievement moderates the relationship between felt competence and subsequent motivation. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(1):1-12.

Abstract

Self-determination theory (SDT) proposes that all humans have a need for competence. But is this need modulated by individual differences? Our research integrated SDT, which defines psychological needs (including competence) as universally essential experiences, and motive disposition theories, which define psychological needs as individually varying non-conscious motives. A cross-sectional and a longitudinal study showed that felt competence in a sports activity has especially positive effects on subsequent flow and intrinsic motivation for individuals high in the need for achievement. Study 3 showed that felt competence more strongly influences subsequent academic goal motivation for those high in the need for achievement. Discussion focuses on the importance of integrating universalist and individual difference approaches to motivation, to derive the most complete understanding.

Abstract

Self-determination theory (SDT) proposes that all humans have a need for competence. But is this need modulated by individual differences? Our research integrated SDT, which defines psychological needs (including competence) as universally essential experiences, and motive disposition theories, which define psychological needs as individually varying non-conscious motives. A cross-sectional and a longitudinal study showed that felt competence in a sports activity has especially positive effects on subsequent flow and intrinsic motivation for individuals high in the need for achievement. Study 3 showed that felt competence more strongly influences subsequent academic goal motivation for those high in the need for achievement. Discussion focuses on the importance of integrating universalist and individual difference approaches to motivation, to derive the most complete understanding.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:February 2010
Deposited On:03 Feb 2010 15:05
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 22:35
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0092-6566
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2009.09.002

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