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Thermal [2+3]-cycloadditions of trans-1-methyl-2,3-diphenylaziridine with C=S and C=C dipolarophiles: An unexpected course with dimethyl dicyanofumarate


Mloston, G; Urbaniak, K; Domagala, M; Pfitzner, A; Zabel, M D; Heimgartner, H (2009). Thermal [2+3]-cycloadditions of trans-1-methyl-2,3-diphenylaziridine with C=S and C=C dipolarophiles: An unexpected course with dimethyl dicyanofumarate. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 92(12):2631-2642.

Abstract

The thermal reaction of trans-1-methyl-2,3-diphenylaziridine (trans-1a) with aromatic and cycloaliphatic thioketones 2 in boiling toluene yielded the corresponding cis-2,4-diphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines cis-4 via conrotatory ring opening of trans-1a and a concerted [2+3]-cycloaddition of the intermediate (E,E)-configured azomethine ylide 3a (Scheme 1). The analogous reaction of cis-1a with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (5) gave dimethyl trans-2,5-dihydro-1-methyl-2,5-diphenylpyrrole-3,4-dicarboxylate (trans-6) in accord with orbital-symmetry controlled reactions (Scheme 2). On the other hand, the reactions of cis-1a and trans-1a with dimethyl dicyanofumarate (7a), as well as that of cis-1a and dimethyl dicyanomaleate (7b), led to mixtures of the same two stereoisomeric dimethyl 3,4-dicyano-1-methyl-2,5-diphenylpyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylates 8a and 8b (Scheme 3). This result has to be explained via a stepwise reaction mechanism, in which the intermediate zwitterions 11a and 11b equilibrate (Scheme 6). In contrast, cis-1,2,3-triphenylaziridine (cis-1b) and 7a gave only one stereoisomeric pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate 10, with the configuration expected on the basis of orbital-symmetry control, i.e., via concerted reaction steps (Scheme 10). The configuration of 8a and 10, as well as that of a derivative of 8b, were established by X-ray crystallography.

Abstract

The thermal reaction of trans-1-methyl-2,3-diphenylaziridine (trans-1a) with aromatic and cycloaliphatic thioketones 2 in boiling toluene yielded the corresponding cis-2,4-diphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines cis-4 via conrotatory ring opening of trans-1a and a concerted [2+3]-cycloaddition of the intermediate (E,E)-configured azomethine ylide 3a (Scheme 1). The analogous reaction of cis-1a with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (5) gave dimethyl trans-2,5-dihydro-1-methyl-2,5-diphenylpyrrole-3,4-dicarboxylate (trans-6) in accord with orbital-symmetry controlled reactions (Scheme 2). On the other hand, the reactions of cis-1a and trans-1a with dimethyl dicyanofumarate (7a), as well as that of cis-1a and dimethyl dicyanomaleate (7b), led to mixtures of the same two stereoisomeric dimethyl 3,4-dicyano-1-methyl-2,5-diphenylpyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylates 8a and 8b (Scheme 3). This result has to be explained via a stepwise reaction mechanism, in which the intermediate zwitterions 11a and 11b equilibrate (Scheme 6). In contrast, cis-1,2,3-triphenylaziridine (cis-1b) and 7a gave only one stereoisomeric pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate 10, with the configuration expected on the basis of orbital-symmetry control, i.e., via concerted reaction steps (Scheme 10). The configuration of 8a and 10, as well as that of a derivative of 8b, were established by X-ray crystallography.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:December 2009
Deposited On:17 Jan 2010 09:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:41
Publisher:Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:Rector of the University of Lodz, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200900236

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