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Increased T-bet to GATA-3 ratio during acute allograft rejection in the rat lung


Jungraithmayr, W; Ji, L; Yang, L; Weder, W; Korom, S; Hersberger, M (2009). Increased T-bet to GATA-3 ratio during acute allograft rejection in the rat lung. Transplantation Proceedings, 41(10):4316-4320.

Abstract

Acute allograft rejection (AR) remains a major problem in solid organ transplantation. The pivotal mechanism hinges on alloantigen recognition by recipient T helper (T(h)) cells that differentiate into T(h)1 and T(h)2. This study investigated the association of mRNA levels of the transcription factors T-box expressed in T cells and GATA-binding protein 3 with the development of T(h)1/T(h)2-directed immune responses. We investigated the expression of T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA levels and the protein levels of their marker cytokines interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4 in orthotopically transplanted rat lungs during AR. We observed a nonsignificant increase in T-bet expression following allografting at days 3 and 5 but there was a significant reduction in GATA-3 expression on day 5 compared with controls. The ratio of T-bet to GATA-3 expression showed a trend to increase at day 3 following allografting reaching significance at 5 days. These changes were associated with a significant increase in the expression of IL-2 over IL-4 on days 3 and 5. This study suggests that T(h)1 responses play a major role during AR in the rat lung, and that this differentiation can be monitored by measuring mRNA levels of T-bet and GATA-3.

Abstract

Acute allograft rejection (AR) remains a major problem in solid organ transplantation. The pivotal mechanism hinges on alloantigen recognition by recipient T helper (T(h)) cells that differentiate into T(h)1 and T(h)2. This study investigated the association of mRNA levels of the transcription factors T-box expressed in T cells and GATA-binding protein 3 with the development of T(h)1/T(h)2-directed immune responses. We investigated the expression of T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA levels and the protein levels of their marker cytokines interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4 in orthotopically transplanted rat lungs during AR. We observed a nonsignificant increase in T-bet expression following allografting at days 3 and 5 but there was a significant reduction in GATA-3 expression on day 5 compared with controls. The ratio of T-bet to GATA-3 expression showed a trend to increase at day 3 following allografting reaching significance at 5 days. These changes were associated with a significant increase in the expression of IL-2 over IL-4 on days 3 and 5. This study suggests that T(h)1 responses play a major role during AR in the rat lung, and that this differentiation can be monitored by measuring mRNA levels of T-bet and GATA-3.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:05 Jan 2010 14:06
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 22:48
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0041-1345
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.08.057
PubMed ID:20005391

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