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Signaling pathways implicated in the stimulation of beta-cell proliferation by extracellular matrix


Parnaud, G; Hammar, E; Ribaux, P; Donath, M Y; Berney, T; Halban, P A (2009). Signaling pathways implicated in the stimulation of beta-cell proliferation by extracellular matrix. Molecular Endocrinology, 23(8):1264-1271.

Abstract

Laminin-5-rich extracellular matrix derived from 804G cells (804G-ECM) induces spreading, improves glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and increases survival and proliferation of rat pancreatic beta-cells. The aim of the study was to determine growth signaling pathways activated by ECM with a particular focus on Ca(2+)-dependent transcription factors. 804G-ECM increased rat beta-cell proliferation, and this stimulation was glucose and Ca(2+) dependent. NF-kappaB nuclear translocation as well as IkappaBalpha gene expression were also Ca(2+) dependent. Inhibition of NF-kappaB almost completely blocked 804G-ECM-stimulated beta-cell proliferation as did the soluble IL-1 receptor antagonist IL-1Ra. 804G-ECM-induced proliferation was also blocked by cyclosporin A and the VIVIT peptide, suggesting involvement of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)/calcineurin. Use of selective inhibitors further implicated other pathways in this process. Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase A both prevented beta-cell replication stimulated by 804G-ECM. Conversely, inhibition of MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, p38, and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta increased beta-cell proliferation on 804G-ECM. Our results suggest that Ca(2+) entry, which is necessary for increased beta-cell proliferation on 804G-ECM, is also involved in 804G-ECM-induced NF-kappaB activity. It is proposed that increased cytosolic Ca(2+) leads to activation of the transcription factors NFAT and NF-kappaB that in turn increase beta-cell proliferation. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase by 804G-ECM also increases proliferation possibly by synergistic coactivation of NFAT via inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, whereas IL-1beta may amplify the process by feed-forward activation of NF-kappaB. Conversely, inhibition of the MAPK pathway increased beta-cell proliferation, indicating a counterregulatory restraining role for this signaling pathway.

Abstract

Laminin-5-rich extracellular matrix derived from 804G cells (804G-ECM) induces spreading, improves glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and increases survival and proliferation of rat pancreatic beta-cells. The aim of the study was to determine growth signaling pathways activated by ECM with a particular focus on Ca(2+)-dependent transcription factors. 804G-ECM increased rat beta-cell proliferation, and this stimulation was glucose and Ca(2+) dependent. NF-kappaB nuclear translocation as well as IkappaBalpha gene expression were also Ca(2+) dependent. Inhibition of NF-kappaB almost completely blocked 804G-ECM-stimulated beta-cell proliferation as did the soluble IL-1 receptor antagonist IL-1Ra. 804G-ECM-induced proliferation was also blocked by cyclosporin A and the VIVIT peptide, suggesting involvement of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)/calcineurin. Use of selective inhibitors further implicated other pathways in this process. Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase A both prevented beta-cell replication stimulated by 804G-ECM. Conversely, inhibition of MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, p38, and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta increased beta-cell proliferation on 804G-ECM. Our results suggest that Ca(2+) entry, which is necessary for increased beta-cell proliferation on 804G-ECM, is also involved in 804G-ECM-induced NF-kappaB activity. It is proposed that increased cytosolic Ca(2+) leads to activation of the transcription factors NFAT and NF-kappaB that in turn increase beta-cell proliferation. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase by 804G-ECM also increases proliferation possibly by synergistic coactivation of NFAT via inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, whereas IL-1beta may amplify the process by feed-forward activation of NF-kappaB. Conversely, inhibition of the MAPK pathway increased beta-cell proliferation, indicating a counterregulatory restraining role for this signaling pathway.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:12 Jan 2010 12:18
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 22:50
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0888-8809
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1210/me.2009-0008
PubMed ID:19443607

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