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Current-assisted thermally activated flux liberation in ultrathin nanopatterned NbN superconducting meander structures


Bartolf, H; Engel, A; Schilling, A; Il'in, K; Siegel, M; Hübers, H W; Semenov, A (2010). Current-assisted thermally activated flux liberation in ultrathin nanopatterned NbN superconducting meander structures. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 81(2):024502.

Abstract

We present results from an extensive study of fluctuation phenomena in superconducting nanowires made from sputtered NbN. Nanoscale wires were fabricated in form of a meander and operated at a constant temperature T≈0.4Tc(0). The superconducting state is driven close to the electronic phase transition by a high bias current near the critical one. Fluctuations of sufficient strength temporarily drive a section of the meander structure into the normal-conducting state, which can be registered as a voltage pulse of nanosecond duration. We considered three different models (vortex-antivortex pairs, vortex edge barriers, and phase-slip centers) to explain the experimental data. Only thermally excited vortices, either via unbinding of vortex-antivortex pairs or vortices overcoming the edge barrier, lead to a satisfactory and consistent description for all measurements.

Abstract

We present results from an extensive study of fluctuation phenomena in superconducting nanowires made from sputtered NbN. Nanoscale wires were fabricated in form of a meander and operated at a constant temperature T≈0.4Tc(0). The superconducting state is driven close to the electronic phase transition by a high bias current near the critical one. Fluctuations of sufficient strength temporarily drive a section of the meander structure into the normal-conducting state, which can be registered as a voltage pulse of nanosecond duration. We considered three different models (vortex-antivortex pairs, vortex edge barriers, and phase-slip centers) to explain the experimental data. Only thermally excited vortices, either via unbinding of vortex-antivortex pairs or vortices overcoming the edge barrier, lead to a satisfactory and consistent description for all measurements.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:14 Jan 2010 15:49
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 22:59
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1098-0121
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.81.024502

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