Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A novel five-antibody immunohistochemical test for subclassification of lung carcinoma


Ring, B Z; Seitz, R S; Beck, R A; Shasteen, W J; Soltermann, A; Arbogast, S; Robert, F; Schreeder, M T; Ross, D T (2009). A novel five-antibody immunohistochemical test for subclassification of lung carcinoma. Modern Pathology, 22(8):1032-1043.

Abstract

Malignant epithelial lung carcinoma can be subclassified by histology into several tumor types, including adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The need for a uniform method of classifying lung carcinomas is growing as clinical trials reveal treatment and side effect differences associated with histological subtypes. Diagnosis is primarily performed by morphological assessment. However, the increased use of needle biopsy has diminished the amount of tissue available for interpretation. These changes in how lung carcinomas are diagnosed and treated suggest that the development of improved molecular-based classification tools could improve patient management. We used a 551-patient surgical specimen lung carcinoma retrospective cohort from a regional hospital to assess the association of a large number of proteins with histological type by immunohistochemistry. Five of these antibodies, targeting the proteins TRIM29, CEACAM5, SLC7A5, MUC1, and CK5/6, were combined into one test using a weighted algorithm trained to discriminate adenocarcinoma from squamous cell carcinoma. Antibody-based classification on 600 muM tissue array cores with the five-antibody test was compared to standard histological evaluation on surgical specimens in three independent lung carcinoma cohorts (combined population of 1111 patients). In addition, the five-antibody test was tested against the two-marker panel thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and TP63. Both the five-antibody test and TTF-1/TP63 panel had similarly low misclassification rates on the validation cohorts compared to morphological-based diagnosis (4.1 vs 3.5%). However the percentage of patients remaining unclassifiable by TTF-1/TP63 (22%, 95% CI: 20-25%) was twice that of the five-antibody test (11%, 95% CI: 8-13%). The results of this study suggest the five-antibody test may have an immediate function in the clinic for helping pathologists distinguish lung carcinoma histological types. The results also suggest that if validated in prospectively defined clinical trials this classifier might identify candidates for targeted therapy that are overlooked with current diagnostic approaches.

Abstract

Malignant epithelial lung carcinoma can be subclassified by histology into several tumor types, including adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The need for a uniform method of classifying lung carcinomas is growing as clinical trials reveal treatment and side effect differences associated with histological subtypes. Diagnosis is primarily performed by morphological assessment. However, the increased use of needle biopsy has diminished the amount of tissue available for interpretation. These changes in how lung carcinomas are diagnosed and treated suggest that the development of improved molecular-based classification tools could improve patient management. We used a 551-patient surgical specimen lung carcinoma retrospective cohort from a regional hospital to assess the association of a large number of proteins with histological type by immunohistochemistry. Five of these antibodies, targeting the proteins TRIM29, CEACAM5, SLC7A5, MUC1, and CK5/6, were combined into one test using a weighted algorithm trained to discriminate adenocarcinoma from squamous cell carcinoma. Antibody-based classification on 600 muM tissue array cores with the five-antibody test was compared to standard histological evaluation on surgical specimens in three independent lung carcinoma cohorts (combined population of 1111 patients). In addition, the five-antibody test was tested against the two-marker panel thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and TP63. Both the five-antibody test and TTF-1/TP63 panel had similarly low misclassification rates on the validation cohorts compared to morphological-based diagnosis (4.1 vs 3.5%). However the percentage of patients remaining unclassifiable by TTF-1/TP63 (22%, 95% CI: 20-25%) was twice that of the five-antibody test (11%, 95% CI: 8-13%). The results of this study suggest the five-antibody test may have an immediate function in the clinic for helping pathologists distinguish lung carcinoma histological types. The results also suggest that if validated in prospectively defined clinical trials this classifier might identify candidates for targeted therapy that are overlooked with current diagnostic approaches.

Statistics

Citations

60 citations in Web of Science®
70 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:31 Jan 2010 09:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:46
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0893-3952
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2009.60
PubMed ID:19430419

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher