Gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) is an early marker for cholestasis and has the capability of glutamine-deamidation. Two infants with elevated serum gamma-GT had a decreased serum glutamine. A time course of glutamine and glutamate concentration changes was performed. This revealed a time dependent decrease of glutamine far below the normal lower limit while glutamate increased above the normal upper limit. In conclusion, increased in vitro gamma-GT can cause pseudodeficiency of glutamine. To avoid pitfalls, physicians should inform the laboratory on accompanying pathologies.