Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea and its association with aortic dilatation in Marfan's syndrome


Kohler, M; Blair, E; Risby, P; Nickol, A H; Wordsworth, P; Forfar, C; Stradling, J R (2009). The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea and its association with aortic dilatation in Marfan's syndrome. Thorax, 64(2):162-166.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Craniofacial abnormalities and increased pharyngeal collapsibility due to abnormal connective tissue suggest the possibility of an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in patients with Marfan's syndrome but the actual prevalence is uncertain. Aortic dilatation and dissection are life threatening manifestations of Marfan's syndrome and case reports have suggested a possible association with OSA but data from cohort studies are not available. METHODS: A sleep study was performed in 61 patients with Ghent criteria positive Marfan's syndrome (mean age 38.3 (SD 12.9) years; 37 females) and in 26 control subjects matched for age, gender, height and weight. OSA was defined using two conventional levels of apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), >5 and >15/h. In patients with Marfan's syndrome, aortic root diameter was measured by echocardiography. RESULTS: More patients with Marfan's syndrome than controls had OSA (AHI >5, 32.8% compared with 11.5%, mean difference +21.3%, 95% CI 4.2% to 38.3%, p = 0.04; AHI >15, 18.0% compared with 0%, mean difference +18.0%, 95% CI 8.4% to 27.7%, p = 0.02). AHI was correlated with aortic root diameter (r = 0.50, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.69, p = 0.0003), and mean aortic root diameter was significantly greater in patients with OSA (4.5 (SD 0.6) cm) compared with those without OSA (3.7 (0.6) cm) (mean difference 0.8 cm, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.2 cm, p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with Marfan's syndrome, the prevalence of OSA is considerably higher than in matched control subjects. OSA may be a risk factor for aortic root dilatation in Marfan's syndrome.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Craniofacial abnormalities and increased pharyngeal collapsibility due to abnormal connective tissue suggest the possibility of an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in patients with Marfan's syndrome but the actual prevalence is uncertain. Aortic dilatation and dissection are life threatening manifestations of Marfan's syndrome and case reports have suggested a possible association with OSA but data from cohort studies are not available. METHODS: A sleep study was performed in 61 patients with Ghent criteria positive Marfan's syndrome (mean age 38.3 (SD 12.9) years; 37 females) and in 26 control subjects matched for age, gender, height and weight. OSA was defined using two conventional levels of apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), >5 and >15/h. In patients with Marfan's syndrome, aortic root diameter was measured by echocardiography. RESULTS: More patients with Marfan's syndrome than controls had OSA (AHI >5, 32.8% compared with 11.5%, mean difference +21.3%, 95% CI 4.2% to 38.3%, p = 0.04; AHI >15, 18.0% compared with 0%, mean difference +18.0%, 95% CI 8.4% to 27.7%, p = 0.02). AHI was correlated with aortic root diameter (r = 0.50, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.69, p = 0.0003), and mean aortic root diameter was significantly greater in patients with OSA (4.5 (SD 0.6) cm) compared with those without OSA (3.7 (0.6) cm) (mean difference 0.8 cm, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.2 cm, p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with Marfan's syndrome, the prevalence of OSA is considerably higher than in matched control subjects. OSA may be a risk factor for aortic root dilatation in Marfan's syndrome.

Statistics

Citations

41 citations in Web of Science®
45 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

68 downloads since deposited on 27 Jan 2010
16 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:27 Jan 2010 07:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:49
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0040-6376
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.2008.102756
PubMed ID:18852161

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher