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PKA phosphorylates and inactivates AMPKalpha to promote efficient lipolysis


Djouder, N; Tuerk, R D; Suter, M; Salvioni, P; Thali, R F; Scholz, R; Vaahtomeri, K; Auchli, Y; Rechsteiner, H; Brunisholz, R A; Viollet, B; Mäkelä, T P; Wallimann, T; Neumann, D; Krek, W (2010). PKA phosphorylates and inactivates AMPKalpha to promote efficient lipolysis. EMBO Journal, 29(2):469-481.

Abstract

The mobilization of metabolic energy from adipocytes depends on a tightly regulated balance between hydrolysis and resynthesis of triacylglycerides (TAGs). Hydrolysis is stimulated by beta-adrenergic signalling to PKA that mediates phosphorylation of lipolytic enzymes, including hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). TAG resynthesis is associated with high-energy consumption, which when inordinate, leads to increased AMPK activity that acts to restrain hydrolysis of TAGs by inhibiting PKA-mediated activation of HSL. Here, we report that in primary mouse adipocytes, PKA associates with and phosphorylates AMPKalpha1 at Ser-173 to impede threonine (Thr-172) phosphorylation and thus activation of AMPKalpha1 by LKB1 in response to lipolytic signals. Activation of AMPKalpha1 by LKB1 is also blocked by PKA-mediated phosphorylation of AMPKalpha1 in vitro. Functional analysis of an AMPKalpha1 species carrying a non-phosphorylatable mutation at Ser-173 revealed a critical function of this phosphorylation for efficient release of free fatty acids and glycerol in response to PKA-activating signals. These results suggest a new mechanism of negative regulation of AMPK activity by PKA that is important for converting a lipolytic signal into an effective lipolytic response.

Abstract

The mobilization of metabolic energy from adipocytes depends on a tightly regulated balance between hydrolysis and resynthesis of triacylglycerides (TAGs). Hydrolysis is stimulated by beta-adrenergic signalling to PKA that mediates phosphorylation of lipolytic enzymes, including hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). TAG resynthesis is associated with high-energy consumption, which when inordinate, leads to increased AMPK activity that acts to restrain hydrolysis of TAGs by inhibiting PKA-mediated activation of HSL. Here, we report that in primary mouse adipocytes, PKA associates with and phosphorylates AMPKalpha1 at Ser-173 to impede threonine (Thr-172) phosphorylation and thus activation of AMPKalpha1 by LKB1 in response to lipolytic signals. Activation of AMPKalpha1 by LKB1 is also blocked by PKA-mediated phosphorylation of AMPKalpha1 in vitro. Functional analysis of an AMPKalpha1 species carrying a non-phosphorylatable mutation at Ser-173 revealed a critical function of this phosphorylation for efficient release of free fatty acids and glycerol in response to PKA-activating signals. These results suggest a new mechanism of negative regulation of AMPK activity by PKA that is important for converting a lipolytic signal into an effective lipolytic response.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:05 Mar 2010 15:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:50
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/emboj.2009.339
PubMed ID:19942859

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