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Feasibility of integrated CT-liver perfusion in routine FDG-PET/CT


Veit-Haibach, P; Treyer, V; Strobel, K; Soyka, J D; Husmann, L; Schaefer, N G; Tschopp, A; Hany, T F (2010). Feasibility of integrated CT-liver perfusion in routine FDG-PET/CT. Abdominal Imaging, 35(5):528-536.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To integrate CT-perfusion into a routine, clinical contrast-enhanced (ce) PET/CT protocol for the evaluation of liver metastases and to compare functional CT and PET parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients (mean age: 60 (34-82) years; 20 f, 26 m) with known liver lesions (colorectal metastases (n = 34), primary liver cancer (n = 4), breast cancer (n = 3), anal cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, GIST, duodenal cancer (all: n = 1) who were referred for staging or therapy follow-up by [18F]-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron-emission-tomography/computed-tomography imaging (FDG-PET/CT) were included. After acquisition of a low-dose PET/CT, a split-injection (70-90 mL) ce-CT-protocol, including a 35-s CT-perfusion scan of the liver and a diagnostic ce-CT of the thorax and/or abdomen (70 s delay, iv-contrast volume: 90 mL, 4 mL/s) was performed. CT-perfusion parameters (BF, BV, MTT,) and semi-quantitative PET-parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, TLG, PETvol) were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: CT-perfusion data could be obtained in all but one patient with shallow breathing. In all patients, diagnostic ce-PET/CT quality was adequate without the use of additional contrast media. Significant correlations (P < 0.05) were found for each of BF, BV, MTT, and SUVmax, further, BF and MTT correlated with TLG. Several other correlations were seen for other perfusion and PET-parameters. CONCLUSION: Combined CT-perfusion/PET/CT-protocol without the use of additional contrast media is feasible and can be easily integrated in clinical routine. Perfusion parameters and PET-parameters are only partly correlating and therefore have to be investigated further at fixed time points during the course of disease and therapy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To integrate CT-perfusion into a routine, clinical contrast-enhanced (ce) PET/CT protocol for the evaluation of liver metastases and to compare functional CT and PET parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients (mean age: 60 (34-82) years; 20 f, 26 m) with known liver lesions (colorectal metastases (n = 34), primary liver cancer (n = 4), breast cancer (n = 3), anal cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, GIST, duodenal cancer (all: n = 1) who were referred for staging or therapy follow-up by [18F]-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron-emission-tomography/computed-tomography imaging (FDG-PET/CT) were included. After acquisition of a low-dose PET/CT, a split-injection (70-90 mL) ce-CT-protocol, including a 35-s CT-perfusion scan of the liver and a diagnostic ce-CT of the thorax and/or abdomen (70 s delay, iv-contrast volume: 90 mL, 4 mL/s) was performed. CT-perfusion parameters (BF, BV, MTT,) and semi-quantitative PET-parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, TLG, PETvol) were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: CT-perfusion data could be obtained in all but one patient with shallow breathing. In all patients, diagnostic ce-PET/CT quality was adequate without the use of additional contrast media. Significant correlations (P < 0.05) were found for each of BF, BV, MTT, and SUVmax, further, BF and MTT correlated with TLG. Several other correlations were seen for other perfusion and PET-parameters. CONCLUSION: Combined CT-perfusion/PET/CT-protocol without the use of additional contrast media is feasible and can be easily integrated in clinical routine. Perfusion parameters and PET-parameters are only partly correlating and therefore have to be investigated further at fixed time points during the course of disease and therapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:11 October 2010
Deposited On:17 Feb 2010 09:02
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 00:04
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0942-8925
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-009-9559-y
PubMed ID:19593563

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