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In vivo and in vitro activity and mechanism of action of the multidrug cytarabine-L-glycerylyl-fluorodeoxyuridine


Bijnsdorp, I V; Schwendener, R; Schott, H; Fichtner, I; Smid, K; Schott, S; Laan, A C; Peters, G J (2007). In vivo and in vitro activity and mechanism of action of the multidrug cytarabine-L-glycerylyl-fluorodeoxyuridine. Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids, 26(10-12):1619-1624.

Abstract

Multidrugs have the potential to bypass resistance. We investigated the in vitro activity and resistance circumvention of the multidrug cytarabine-L-fluorodeoxyuridine (AraC-L-5FdU), linked via a glycerophospholipid linkage. Cytotoxicity was determined using sensitive (A2780, FM3A/0) and resistant (AG6000, AraC resistant, deoxycytidine kinase deficient; FM3A/TK-, 5FdU resistant, thymidine kinase deficient) cell lines. Circumvention of nucleoside transporter and activating enzymes was determined using specific inhibitors, HPLC analysis and standard radioactivity assays. AraC-L-5FdU was active (IC50: 0.03 microM in both A2780 and FM3A/0), had some activity in AG6000 (IC50: 0.28 microM), but no activity in FM3A/TK(-) (IC50: 18.3 microM). AraC-nucleotides were not detected in AG6000. 5FdU-nucleotides were detected in all cell lines. AraC-L-5FdU did not inhibit TS in FM3A/TK(-) (5%). Since phosphatase/nucleotidase-inhibition reduced cytotoxicity 7-70-fold, cleavage seems to be outside the cell, presumably to nucleotides, and then to nucleosides. The multidrug was orally active in the HT-29 colon carcinoma xenografts which are resistant toward the single drugs.

Abstract

Multidrugs have the potential to bypass resistance. We investigated the in vitro activity and resistance circumvention of the multidrug cytarabine-L-fluorodeoxyuridine (AraC-L-5FdU), linked via a glycerophospholipid linkage. Cytotoxicity was determined using sensitive (A2780, FM3A/0) and resistant (AG6000, AraC resistant, deoxycytidine kinase deficient; FM3A/TK-, 5FdU resistant, thymidine kinase deficient) cell lines. Circumvention of nucleoside transporter and activating enzymes was determined using specific inhibitors, HPLC analysis and standard radioactivity assays. AraC-L-5FdU was active (IC50: 0.03 microM in both A2780 and FM3A/0), had some activity in AG6000 (IC50: 0.28 microM), but no activity in FM3A/TK(-) (IC50: 18.3 microM). AraC-nucleotides were not detected in AG6000. 5FdU-nucleotides were detected in all cell lines. AraC-L-5FdU did not inhibit TS in FM3A/TK(-) (5%). Since phosphatase/nucleotidase-inhibition reduced cytotoxicity 7-70-fold, cleavage seems to be outside the cell, presumably to nucleotides, and then to nucleosides. The multidrug was orally active in the HT-29 colon carcinoma xenografts which are resistant toward the single drugs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:15 Mar 2009 19:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:25
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1525-7770
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/15257770701548931
PubMed ID:18066839

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