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Synthesis and anticancer activities of amphiphilic 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridylic acid prodrugs


Ludwig, P S; Schwendener, R; Schott, H (2005). Synthesis and anticancer activities of amphiphilic 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridylic acid prodrugs. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 40(5):494-504.

Abstract

Amphiphilic anticancer prodrugs of 5'-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (5-FdUMP) were synthesized according to the hydrogen phosphonate method by coupling lipophilic cytosine derivatives or a phospholipid with 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (5-FdU). Studies within the in vitro Anticancer Screen Program of the National Cancer Institute have demonstrated high anticancer activities of the heterodinucleoside phosphates: N4-palmitoyl-2'-deoxycytidylyl-(3' --> 5')-3'-O-acetyl-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (dC(pam)-5-FdU(Ac), N4-palmitoyl-2',3'-dideoxycytidylyl-(5' --> 5')-3'-O-acetyl-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (ddC(pam)-(5' --> 5')-5-FdU(Ac), 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridylyl-(3' --> 5')-5-fluoro-N4-hexadecyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5-FdU-5-FdC(hex)), and of the new liponucleotide 1-O-octadecyl-rac-glycerylyl-(3 --> 5')-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (Oct1Gro-(3 --> 5')-5-FdU). The anticancer activities of these prodrugs are comparable to those of 5-FdU and the tumor specificities are modulated by their structures. The highest cytotoxic activity being even superior to 5-FdU was expressed by the dimer 5-FdU-5-FdC(hex).

Abstract

Amphiphilic anticancer prodrugs of 5'-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (5-FdUMP) were synthesized according to the hydrogen phosphonate method by coupling lipophilic cytosine derivatives or a phospholipid with 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (5-FdU). Studies within the in vitro Anticancer Screen Program of the National Cancer Institute have demonstrated high anticancer activities of the heterodinucleoside phosphates: N4-palmitoyl-2'-deoxycytidylyl-(3' --> 5')-3'-O-acetyl-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (dC(pam)-5-FdU(Ac), N4-palmitoyl-2',3'-dideoxycytidylyl-(5' --> 5')-3'-O-acetyl-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (ddC(pam)-(5' --> 5')-5-FdU(Ac), 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridylyl-(3' --> 5')-5-fluoro-N4-hexadecyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5-FdU-5-FdC(hex)), and of the new liponucleotide 1-O-octadecyl-rac-glycerylyl-(3 --> 5')-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (Oct1Gro-(3 --> 5')-5-FdU). The anticancer activities of these prodrugs are comparable to those of 5-FdU and the tumor specificities are modulated by their structures. The highest cytotoxic activity being even superior to 5-FdU was expressed by the dimer 5-FdU-5-FdC(hex).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:26 Mar 2009 14:41
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 14:03
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0223-5234
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2004.12.006
PubMed ID:15893023

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