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Enhancing DNA vaccination by sequential injection of lymph nodes with plasmid vectors and peptides


Smith, K A; Tam, V L; Wong, R M; Pagarigan, R R; Meisenburg, B L; Joea, D K; Liu, X; Sanders, C; Diamond, D; Kündig, T M; Qiu, Z; Bot, A (2009). Enhancing DNA vaccination by sequential injection of lymph nodes with plasmid vectors and peptides. Vaccine, 27(19):2603-2615.

Abstract

DNA vaccines or peptides are capable of inducing specific immunity; however, their translation to the clinic has generally been problematic, primarily due to the reduced magnitude of immune response and poor pharmacokinetics. Herein, we demonstrate that a novel immunization strategy, encompassing sequential exposure of the lymph node milieu to plasmid and peptide in a heterologous prime-boost fashion, results in considerable MHC class I-restricted immunity in mice. Plasmid-primed antigen expression was essential for the generation of a population of central memory T cells, expressing CD62L and low in PD-1, with substantial capability to expand and differentiate to peripheral memory and effector cells, following subsequent exposure to peptide. These vaccine-induced T cells dominated the T cell repertoire, were able to produce large amounts of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and recognized tumor cells effectively. In addition to outlining a feasible and effective method to transform plasmid DNA vaccination into a potentially viable immunotherapeutic approach for cancer, this study sheds light on the mechanism of heterologous prime-boost and the considerable heterogeneity of MHC class I-restricted T cell responses.

Abstract

DNA vaccines or peptides are capable of inducing specific immunity; however, their translation to the clinic has generally been problematic, primarily due to the reduced magnitude of immune response and poor pharmacokinetics. Herein, we demonstrate that a novel immunization strategy, encompassing sequential exposure of the lymph node milieu to plasmid and peptide in a heterologous prime-boost fashion, results in considerable MHC class I-restricted immunity in mice. Plasmid-primed antigen expression was essential for the generation of a population of central memory T cells, expressing CD62L and low in PD-1, with substantial capability to expand and differentiate to peripheral memory and effector cells, following subsequent exposure to peptide. These vaccine-induced T cells dominated the T cell repertoire, were able to produce large amounts of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and recognized tumor cells effectively. In addition to outlining a feasible and effective method to transform plasmid DNA vaccination into a potentially viable immunotherapeutic approach for cancer, this study sheds light on the mechanism of heterologous prime-boost and the considerable heterogeneity of MHC class I-restricted T cell responses.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:09 Feb 2010 08:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0264-410X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.02.038
PubMed ID:19428867

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