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State-of-the-art imaging in palaeopathology: the value of multislice computed tomography in visualizing doubtful cranial lesions


Rühli, Frank J; Lanz, C; Ulrich-Bochsler, S; Alt, K W (2002). State-of-the-art imaging in palaeopathology: the value of multislice computed tomography in visualizing doubtful cranial lesions. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 12(5):372-379.

Abstract

Non-invasive imaging techniques are of great value in palaeopathology. Computed tomography (CT) is widely established to visualize changes in human remains that occurred both pre and post mortem. Since 1999 an advanced form of helical CT - so called Multislice-CT (MSCT) - has become available for clinical purposes. We now present for the first time three historic cranial lesions of doubtful aetiology visualized by MSCT. Both original images and virtual reconstructions of the specimens are of high quality. In combination with peri-lesional bone density measurements these images allow an improved assessment of aetiology. The cases presented are diagnosed by MSCT as being of intra vitam nature in two individuals and of post mortem character in one case. Time consuming post-processing analysis and the still small number of scanners presently available may limit application of this new technique. Nevertheless, based on our preliminary results, we strongly recommend non-invasive evaluation by MSCT to be used for non-clinical purposes such as palaeopathological research.

Abstract

Non-invasive imaging techniques are of great value in palaeopathology. Computed tomography (CT) is widely established to visualize changes in human remains that occurred both pre and post mortem. Since 1999 an advanced form of helical CT - so called Multislice-CT (MSCT) - has become available for clinical purposes. We now present for the first time three historic cranial lesions of doubtful aetiology visualized by MSCT. Both original images and virtual reconstructions of the specimens are of high quality. In combination with peri-lesional bone density measurements these images allow an improved assessment of aetiology. The cases presented are diagnosed by MSCT as being of intra vitam nature in two individuals and of post mortem character in one case. Time consuming post-processing analysis and the still small number of scanners presently available may limit application of this new technique. Nevertheless, based on our preliminary results, we strongly recommend non-invasive evaluation by MSCT to be used for non-clinical purposes such as palaeopathological research.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Evolutionary Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 September 2002
Deposited On:26 Mar 2010 06:20
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 21:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1047-482X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.636

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