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Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by short double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides


Kwok, T; Helfer, H; Alam, M I; Heinrich, J; Pavlovic, J; Moelling, K (2010). Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by short double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides. Archives of Virology, 154(1):109-14.

Abstract

Influenza A virus causes prevalent respiratory tract infections in humans. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and antisense oligonucleotides (asODNs) have been used previously for silencing the RNA genome of influenza virus. Here, we explored the use of partially double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (dsODNs) to suppress the production of influenza A virus in cell cultures and animal models. We were able to inhibit influenza A virus replication in cultured human lung cells as well as in the lungs of infected C57BL/6 mice by treatment with dsODN 3-h post-infection. In about 20% of the cases (15/77) the titer was reduced by 10- to 100-fold and in 10% up to 1,000-fold. The antiviral effects of dsODNs were dose-dependent, sequence-dependent and comparable to those of its antisense and siRNA analogues. Thus, dsODNs may be developed as an additional class of nucleic acids for the inhibition of influenza virus replication.

Abstract

Influenza A virus causes prevalent respiratory tract infections in humans. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and antisense oligonucleotides (asODNs) have been used previously for silencing the RNA genome of influenza virus. Here, we explored the use of partially double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (dsODNs) to suppress the production of influenza A virus in cell cultures and animal models. We were able to inhibit influenza A virus replication in cultured human lung cells as well as in the lungs of infected C57BL/6 mice by treatment with dsODN 3-h post-infection. In about 20% of the cases (15/77) the titer was reduced by 10- to 100-fold and in 10% up to 1,000-fold. The antiviral effects of dsODNs were dose-dependent, sequence-dependent and comparable to those of its antisense and siRNA analogues. Thus, dsODNs may be developed as an additional class of nucleic acids for the inhibition of influenza virus replication.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2010
Deposited On:12 Feb 2010 10:20
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 00:41
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0304-8608
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-008-0262-z
PubMed ID:19034603

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