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Quantitative and qualitative effects of rosuvastatin on LDL-cholesterol: what is the clinical significance?


Rizzo, M; Berneis, K; Spinas, G A; Rini, G B; Kapur, N K (2009). Quantitative and qualitative effects of rosuvastatin on LDL-cholesterol: what is the clinical significance? International Journal of Clinical Practice, 63(3):478-485.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Statins have emerged as the global leader in pharmacologic therapy for dyslipidaemia, and rosuvastatin has demonstrated clinical efficacy as well as safety in several clinical trials and postmarketing analyses. AIM: The present article reviewed the effects of rosuvastatin on the quantity and the quality of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). METHODS: We searched for and reviewed all the available evidence in a systematic way. A literature search (by Medline and Scopus) was performed using the following headings: 'LDL-cholesterol', 'LDL size', 'LDL subclasses', 'small dense LDL', 'apolipoprotein B, apo B' and 'rosuvastatin' up to 11 November 2008. The authors also manually reviewed the references of selected articles for any pertinent material. RESULTS: Rosuvastatin reduces LDL-cholesterol levels to a greater extent than other statins and is able to modulate significantly LDL size and subclasses towards less atherogenic particles as well as the LDL particle number, as indirectly measured by the levels of apo B. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The recent Justification for the Use of statins in Primary prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin study provides more evidence about the effectiveness of rosuvastatin therapy in reducing cardiovascular risk, even among persons who would not currently be considered for pharmacotherapy. Further insights on cardiovascular outcomes will be available by the on-going trials included in the GALAXY program that includes subjects with type-2 diabetes, haemodialysis recipients, patients with congestive heart failure and specific ethnic groups, such as African American, Hispanic and South Asian populations.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Statins have emerged as the global leader in pharmacologic therapy for dyslipidaemia, and rosuvastatin has demonstrated clinical efficacy as well as safety in several clinical trials and postmarketing analyses. AIM: The present article reviewed the effects of rosuvastatin on the quantity and the quality of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). METHODS: We searched for and reviewed all the available evidence in a systematic way. A literature search (by Medline and Scopus) was performed using the following headings: 'LDL-cholesterol', 'LDL size', 'LDL subclasses', 'small dense LDL', 'apolipoprotein B, apo B' and 'rosuvastatin' up to 11 November 2008. The authors also manually reviewed the references of selected articles for any pertinent material. RESULTS: Rosuvastatin reduces LDL-cholesterol levels to a greater extent than other statins and is able to modulate significantly LDL size and subclasses towards less atherogenic particles as well as the LDL particle number, as indirectly measured by the levels of apo B. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The recent Justification for the Use of statins in Primary prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin study provides more evidence about the effectiveness of rosuvastatin therapy in reducing cardiovascular risk, even among persons who would not currently be considered for pharmacotherapy. Further insights on cardiovascular outcomes will be available by the on-going trials included in the GALAXY program that includes subjects with type-2 diabetes, haemodialysis recipients, patients with congestive heart failure and specific ethnic groups, such as African American, Hispanic and South Asian populations.

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9 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:17 Mar 2010 09:54
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:55
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1368-5031
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2008.01979.x
PubMed ID:19222633

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