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Efficient stimulation of T cell responses by human IFN-alpha-induced dendritic cells does not require Toll-like receptor triggering


Bracci, L; Schumacher, R; Provenzano, M; Adamina, M; Rosenthal, R; Groeper, C; Zajac, P; Iezzi, G; Proietti, E; Belardelli, F; Spagnoli, G C (2008). Efficient stimulation of T cell responses by human IFN-alpha-induced dendritic cells does not require Toll-like receptor triggering. Journal of Immunotherapy, 31(5):466-474.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) can be activated by proinflammatory cytokines or upon toll-like receptor (TLR) triggering. These stimuli induce specific patterns of phenotypic modulation and gene expression profiles. We investigated whether TLR triggering represents an indispensable requirement for the induction of T cell responses by human DC generated upon culture of monocytes in the presence of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interferon-alpha (IFN-DC). As model stimulator we chose imidazoquinolone (3M-001), a synthetic TLR7 agonist used in the treatment of skin infections and tumors and as experimental adjuvant. At difference with DC generated upon culture of monocytes in the presence of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin (IL-4) (IL-4-DC), IFN-DC display a semimature phenotype. Furthermore, IFN-DC, but not IL-4-DC are able to induce CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses, in steady state, for example, in the absence of TLR triggering. 3M-001 treatment induces up-regulation of the surface expression of costimulatory molecules and "de novo" production of IL-12 and IL-6 in IFN-DC. However, TLR7 triggering fails to significantly enhance the capacity of IFN-DC to induce antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and to stimulate allogeneic CD4+ T cells. These data indicate that TLR engagement and IL-12 production do not represent indispensable prerequisites for optimal antigen-presenting cell function in IFN-DC, qualifying these cells as powerful cellular reagents of potential use in active specific immunotherapy.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) can be activated by proinflammatory cytokines or upon toll-like receptor (TLR) triggering. These stimuli induce specific patterns of phenotypic modulation and gene expression profiles. We investigated whether TLR triggering represents an indispensable requirement for the induction of T cell responses by human DC generated upon culture of monocytes in the presence of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interferon-alpha (IFN-DC). As model stimulator we chose imidazoquinolone (3M-001), a synthetic TLR7 agonist used in the treatment of skin infections and tumors and as experimental adjuvant. At difference with DC generated upon culture of monocytes in the presence of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin (IL-4) (IL-4-DC), IFN-DC display a semimature phenotype. Furthermore, IFN-DC, but not IL-4-DC are able to induce CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses, in steady state, for example, in the absence of TLR triggering. 3M-001 treatment induces up-regulation of the surface expression of costimulatory molecules and "de novo" production of IL-12 and IL-6 in IFN-DC. However, TLR7 triggering fails to significantly enhance the capacity of IFN-DC to induce antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and to stimulate allogeneic CD4+ T cells. These data indicate that TLR engagement and IL-12 production do not represent indispensable prerequisites for optimal antigen-presenting cell function in IFN-DC, qualifying these cells as powerful cellular reagents of potential use in active specific immunotherapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:29 Aug 2008 15:40
Last Modified:18 Feb 2018 09:27
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1524-9557
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/CJI.0b013e318174a52a
PubMed ID:18463538

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