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Dependence of the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents on the mismatch repair status of human cells


Papouli, E; Cejka, P; Jiricny, J (2004). Dependence of the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents on the mismatch repair status of human cells. Cancer Research, 64(10):3391-3394.

Abstract

Mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency was reported to increase resistance of mammalian cells to killing by several genotoxic substances. However, although MMR-deficient cells are approximately 100-fold more resistant to killing by S(N)1 type methylating agents than MMR-proficient controls, the sensitivity differences reported for the other agents were typically <2-fold. To test whether these differences were linked to factors other than MMR status, we studied the cytotoxicities of mitomycin C, chloroethylcyclohexyl nitrosourea, melphalan, psoralen-UVA, etoposide, camptothecin, ionizing radiation, and cis-dichlorodiaminoplatinum (cisplatin) in a strictly isogenic system. We now report that MMR deficiency reproducibly desensitized cells solely to cisplatin.

Abstract

Mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency was reported to increase resistance of mammalian cells to killing by several genotoxic substances. However, although MMR-deficient cells are approximately 100-fold more resistant to killing by S(N)1 type methylating agents than MMR-proficient controls, the sensitivity differences reported for the other agents were typically <2-fold. To test whether these differences were linked to factors other than MMR status, we studied the cytotoxicities of mitomycin C, chloroethylcyclohexyl nitrosourea, melphalan, psoralen-UVA, etoposide, camptothecin, ionizing radiation, and cis-dichlorodiaminoplatinum (cisplatin) in a strictly isogenic system. We now report that MMR deficiency reproducibly desensitized cells solely to cisplatin.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 07:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:57
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:0008-5472
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-04-0513
PubMed ID:15150090

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