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Novel MLH1 and MSH2 germline mutations in the first HNPCC families identified in Slovakia


Bartosova, Z; Fridrichova, I; Bujalkova, M; Wolf, B; Ilencikova, D; Krizan, P; Hlavcak, P; Palaj, J; Lukac, L; Lukacova, M; Böör, A; Haider, R; Jiricny, J; Nyström-Lahti, M; Marra, G (2003). Novel MLH1 and MSH2 germline mutations in the first HNPCC families identified in Slovakia. Human Mutation, 21(4):449.

Abstract

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a dominantly-inherited cancer predisposition syndrome, in which the susceptibility to cancer of the colon, endometrium and ovary is linked to germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. We have recently initiated a cancer prevention program in suspected HNPCC families in the Slovak Republic. The first ten families fulfilling Amsterdam criteria or Bethesda guidelines were screened for germline mutations in MLH1 and MSH2, two MMR genes most frequently mutated in HNPCC families. Six mutations were identified, five of which have not been reported previously. Two of the three new mutations in MLH1 (c.380+2T>A; c.307-2A>C) were absent from 100 chromosomes of healthy controls and probably cause a splicing defect, while the third was a 1 bp deletion (c.1261delA). In the MSH2 gene, one new nonsense (c.1030C>T [p.Q344X]) and one missense (c.524T>C [p.L175P]) mutation were identified. This latter variant was not found in 104 alleles of healthy control individuals. Moreover, a previously-reported pathogenic mutation (c.677G>T [p.R226L]) was found in one kindred. The clinical data and the genotypic and phenotypic evaluation of the tumors indicate that all the new alterations are pathogenic HNPCC mutations.

Abstract

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a dominantly-inherited cancer predisposition syndrome, in which the susceptibility to cancer of the colon, endometrium and ovary is linked to germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. We have recently initiated a cancer prevention program in suspected HNPCC families in the Slovak Republic. The first ten families fulfilling Amsterdam criteria or Bethesda guidelines were screened for germline mutations in MLH1 and MSH2, two MMR genes most frequently mutated in HNPCC families. Six mutations were identified, five of which have not been reported previously. Two of the three new mutations in MLH1 (c.380+2T>A; c.307-2A>C) were absent from 100 chromosomes of healthy controls and probably cause a splicing defect, while the third was a 1 bp deletion (c.1261delA). In the MSH2 gene, one new nonsense (c.1030C>T [p.Q344X]) and one missense (c.524T>C [p.L175P]) mutation were identified. This latter variant was not found in 104 alleles of healthy control individuals. Moreover, a previously-reported pathogenic mutation (c.677G>T [p.R226L]) was found in one kindred. The clinical data and the genotypic and phenotypic evaluation of the tumors indicate that all the new alterations are pathogenic HNPCC mutations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 07:18
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 01:03
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1059-7794
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/humu.9127
PubMed ID:12655568

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