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The effect of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase and mismatch repair activities on the sensitivity of human melanoma cells to temozolomide, 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea, and cisplatin


Pepponi, R; Marra, G; Fuggetta, M P; Falcinelli, S; Pagani, E; Bonmassar, E; Jiricny, J; D'Atri, S (2003). The effect of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase and mismatch repair activities on the sensitivity of human melanoma cells to temozolomide, 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea, and cisplatin. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 304(2):661-668.

Abstract

The prognosis of advanced melanoma is generally poor, because this tumor commonly exhibits intrinsic or acquired resistance to chemotherapy. In an attempt to identify the underlying causes of this resistance, we studied the roles played by the DNA repair enzyme O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (OGAT) and the mismatch repair (MMR) system in the sensitivity of melanoma cells to temozolomide (TMZ), 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU), or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP). To this end, OGAT levels and MMR efficiency of extracts of nine melanoma cell lines and selected clones derived from four of these lines were determined and correlated with the sensitivity of the respective cells to these drugs. The effectiveness of O(6)-benzylguanine (BG), a specific OGAT inhibitor, in potentiating TMZ- or BCNU-mediated cytotoxicity was also evaluated. Our results demonstrate that MMR efficiency and OGAT levels strongly affect melanoma cell sensitivity to TMZ. In MMR-proficient cells, a direct correlation between OGAT levels and TMZ IC(50) values was found. When OGAT activity was inhibited with BG, the sensitivity of these cells to TMZ increased and was then dictated largely by their MMR efficiency. MMR-deficient cells were highly resistant to the drug irrespective of their OGAT levels. Although OGAT activity and MMR status seemed to be the major determinants of melanoma sensitivity to TMZ, this was not the case for BCNU and CDDP; resistance to the latter drugs clearly involves processes other than the two DNA repair pathways analyzed in this study.

Abstract

The prognosis of advanced melanoma is generally poor, because this tumor commonly exhibits intrinsic or acquired resistance to chemotherapy. In an attempt to identify the underlying causes of this resistance, we studied the roles played by the DNA repair enzyme O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (OGAT) and the mismatch repair (MMR) system in the sensitivity of melanoma cells to temozolomide (TMZ), 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU), or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP). To this end, OGAT levels and MMR efficiency of extracts of nine melanoma cell lines and selected clones derived from four of these lines were determined and correlated with the sensitivity of the respective cells to these drugs. The effectiveness of O(6)-benzylguanine (BG), a specific OGAT inhibitor, in potentiating TMZ- or BCNU-mediated cytotoxicity was also evaluated. Our results demonstrate that MMR efficiency and OGAT levels strongly affect melanoma cell sensitivity to TMZ. In MMR-proficient cells, a direct correlation between OGAT levels and TMZ IC(50) values was found. When OGAT activity was inhibited with BG, the sensitivity of these cells to TMZ increased and was then dictated largely by their MMR efficiency. MMR-deficient cells were highly resistant to the drug irrespective of their OGAT levels. Although OGAT activity and MMR status seemed to be the major determinants of melanoma sensitivity to TMZ, this was not the case for BCNU and CDDP; resistance to the latter drugs clearly involves processes other than the two DNA repair pathways analyzed in this study.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 09:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:57
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN:0022-3565
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.102.043950
PubMed ID:12538819

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