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Direct interaction between uracil-DNA glycosylase and a proliferating cell nuclear antigen homolog in the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum


Yang, H; Chiang, J-H; Fitz-Gibbon, S; Lebel, M; Sartori, A A; Jiricny, J; Slupska, M M; Miller, J H (2002). Direct interaction between uracil-DNA glycosylase and a proliferating cell nuclear antigen homolog in the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(25):22271-22278.

Abstract

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) acts as a sliding clamp on duplex DNA. Its homologs, present in Eukarya and Archaea, are part of protein complexes that are indispensable for DNA replication and DNA repair. In Eukarya, PCNA is known to interact with more than a dozen different proteins, including a human major nuclear uracil-DNA glycosylase (hUNG2) involved in immediate postreplicative repair. In Archaea, only three classes of PCNA-binding proteins have been reported previously: replication factor C (the PCNA clamp loader), family B DNA polymerase, and flap endonuclease. In this study, we report a direct interaction between a uracil-DNA glycosylase (Pa-UDGa) and a PCNA homolog (Pa-PCNA1), both from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum (T(opt) = 100 degrees C). We demonstrate that the Pa-UDGa-Pa-PCNA1 complex is thermostable, and two hydrophobic amino acid residues on Pa-UDGa (Phe(191) and Leu(192)) are shown to be crucial for this interaction. It is interesting to note that although Pa-UDGa has homologs throughout the Archaea and bacteria, it does not share significant sequence similarity with hUNG2. Nevertheless, our results raise the possibility that Pa-UDGa may be a functional analog of hUNG2 for PCNA-dependent postreplicative removal of misincorporated uracil.

Abstract

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) acts as a sliding clamp on duplex DNA. Its homologs, present in Eukarya and Archaea, are part of protein complexes that are indispensable for DNA replication and DNA repair. In Eukarya, PCNA is known to interact with more than a dozen different proteins, including a human major nuclear uracil-DNA glycosylase (hUNG2) involved in immediate postreplicative repair. In Archaea, only three classes of PCNA-binding proteins have been reported previously: replication factor C (the PCNA clamp loader), family B DNA polymerase, and flap endonuclease. In this study, we report a direct interaction between a uracil-DNA glycosylase (Pa-UDGa) and a PCNA homolog (Pa-PCNA1), both from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum (T(opt) = 100 degrees C). We demonstrate that the Pa-UDGa-Pa-PCNA1 complex is thermostable, and two hydrophobic amino acid residues on Pa-UDGa (Phe(191) and Leu(192)) are shown to be crucial for this interaction. It is interesting to note that although Pa-UDGa has homologs throughout the Archaea and bacteria, it does not share significant sequence similarity with hUNG2. Nevertheless, our results raise the possibility that Pa-UDGa may be a functional analog of hUNG2 for PCNA-dependent postreplicative removal of misincorporated uracil.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 14:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:58
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Additional Information:This research was originally published in: Yang, H; Chiang, J-H; Fitz-Gibbon, S; Lebel, M; Sartori, A A; Jiricny, J; Slupska, M M; Miller, J H (2002). Direct interaction between uracil-DNA glycosylase and a proliferating cell nuclear antigen homolog in the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(25):22271-22278. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M201820200
PubMed ID:11927597

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