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Mild clinical phenotype and subtle radiographic findings in an infant with cartilage-hair hypoplasia


Türkkani-Asal, G; Alanay, Y; Turul-Ozgür, T; Zenker, M; Thiel, C; Rauch, A; Unal, S; Gürgey, A; Tezcan, I (2009). Mild clinical phenotype and subtle radiographic findings in an infant with cartilage-hair hypoplasia. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 51(5):493-496.

Abstract

Cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH) is one of the well-known immuno-osseous dysplasias (IOD), which are a combination of skeletal dysplasia and immunodeficiency. It is characterized by disproportionate short stature, fine sparse hair, ligamentous laxity, hematological abnormalities with anemia, a predisposition to malignant tumors, and recurrent infections usually due to cellular and/or humoral immunodeficiency. However, there is a significant overlap of clinical findings among the other IODS such as Schimke's IOD. Here, we present a case of CHH with mild skeletal changes and immunological findings associated with recurrent otitis media, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. With this report, we once more emphasize the difficulty in assessing young individuals with CHH presenting with mild ectodermal findings and subtle radiographic changes.

Abstract

Cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH) is one of the well-known immuno-osseous dysplasias (IOD), which are a combination of skeletal dysplasia and immunodeficiency. It is characterized by disproportionate short stature, fine sparse hair, ligamentous laxity, hematological abnormalities with anemia, a predisposition to malignant tumors, and recurrent infections usually due to cellular and/or humoral immunodeficiency. However, there is a significant overlap of clinical findings among the other IODS such as Schimke's IOD. Here, we present a case of CHH with mild skeletal changes and immunological findings associated with recurrent otitis media, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. With this report, we once more emphasize the difficulty in assessing young individuals with CHH presenting with mild ectodermal findings and subtle radiographic changes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:September 2009
Deposited On:23 Feb 2010 07:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:58
Publisher:International Children's Center
ISSN:0041-4301
PubMed ID:20112607

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