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Chronic left ventricular pacing preserves left ventricular function in children


van Geldorp, I E; Vanagt, W Y; Bauersfeld, U; Tomaske, M; Prinzen, F W; Delhaas, T (2009). Chronic left ventricular pacing preserves left ventricular function in children. Pediatric Cardiology, 30(2):125-132.

Abstract

Chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing can induce structural and functional cardiac deterioration. Because animal studies showed a benefit of left ventricular (LV) over RV pacing, this study compared the effects of chronic RV and LV pacing in children. Retrospectively, echocardiographic data were evaluated from 18 healthy children (control subjects) and from children undergoing chronic epicardial RV pacing (7 RVP) or LV pacing (7 LVP). Assessment included LV end-diastolic wall thickness (LVEDWT) and end-systolic wall thickness (LVESWT) as well as LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and end-systolic diameter (LVESD). The shortening fraction and eccentricity index (LV diameter/2xLV wall thickness) were calculated as measures of LV function and eccentricity, respectively. Duration of QRS and septal posterior wall motion delay (SPWMD) were used as measures of electrical and mechanical dyssynchrony, respectively. A p value less than 0.05 determined significance. As the findings showed, LVEDD, LVESD, LVEDWT, and LVESWT were not significantly different between the groups. The shortening fraction was significantly lower in the RVP (21.7%+/-6.0%) than in the LVP (32.2%+/-5.2%) or control (29.3%+/-4.3%) children. The systolic LV eccentricity index was significantly larger in the RVP (1.8+/-0.2) than in the LVP (1.4+/-0.1) or control (1.4+/-0.2) children. The SPWMD was significantly larger in the RVP (338+/-20 ms) than in the LVP (-16+/-14 ms) or control (-5+/-35 ms) group, whereas QRS duration was similarly longer in the RVP (157+/-10 ms) and LVP (158+/-22 ms) groups compared than in the control group (69+/-7 ms). The authors conclude that LV function in children is preserved by chronic pacing at the LV lateral wall.

Abstract

Chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing can induce structural and functional cardiac deterioration. Because animal studies showed a benefit of left ventricular (LV) over RV pacing, this study compared the effects of chronic RV and LV pacing in children. Retrospectively, echocardiographic data were evaluated from 18 healthy children (control subjects) and from children undergoing chronic epicardial RV pacing (7 RVP) or LV pacing (7 LVP). Assessment included LV end-diastolic wall thickness (LVEDWT) and end-systolic wall thickness (LVESWT) as well as LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and end-systolic diameter (LVESD). The shortening fraction and eccentricity index (LV diameter/2xLV wall thickness) were calculated as measures of LV function and eccentricity, respectively. Duration of QRS and septal posterior wall motion delay (SPWMD) were used as measures of electrical and mechanical dyssynchrony, respectively. A p value less than 0.05 determined significance. As the findings showed, LVEDD, LVESD, LVEDWT, and LVESWT were not significantly different between the groups. The shortening fraction was significantly lower in the RVP (21.7%+/-6.0%) than in the LVP (32.2%+/-5.2%) or control (29.3%+/-4.3%) children. The systolic LV eccentricity index was significantly larger in the RVP (1.8+/-0.2) than in the LVP (1.4+/-0.1) or control (1.4+/-0.2) children. The SPWMD was significantly larger in the RVP (338+/-20 ms) than in the LVP (-16+/-14 ms) or control (-5+/-35 ms) group, whereas QRS duration was similarly longer in the RVP (157+/-10 ms) and LVP (158+/-22 ms) groups compared than in the control group (69+/-7 ms). The authors conclude that LV function in children is preserved by chronic pacing at the LV lateral wall.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:22 Feb 2010 13:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:58
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0172-0643
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-008-9284-2
PubMed ID:18704551

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