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Off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass procedures:postoperative renal complications in an Asian population


Loganathan, S; Nieh, C C; Emmert, M Y; Woitek, F; Martinez, E C; Muecke, S; Lee, C N; Kofidis, T (2010). Off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass procedures:postoperative renal complications in an Asian population. Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore (AAMS), 39(2):112-116.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and habitual smoking cause advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) in Asian patients at a younger age. No definite data exist as to whether off-pump (OPCAB) is better than conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CCAB) in terms of postoperative renal complications. Thus, we aimed to compare the renal outcomes of on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on our patients, which constituted a predominantly Asian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 395 patients following CCAB were compared with 293 patients who underwent OPCAB. Baseline demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative data, intensive care unit stay, number of grafts, New York Heart Association (NYHA) score, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, EuroSCORE risk assessment model, and postoperative complications particularly renal, were collected and analysed. RESULTS: The off-pump group consisted of significantly older patients with higher Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) and ASA scores. Additionally, the off-pump group involved a significantly greater number of smokers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Other demographic parameters were not different between the groups. Postoperative investigations showed a significantly elevated serum creatinine (100.3 +/- 42.5 vs 127.6 +/- 114.2 micromol/L; off-pump vs on-pump; P = 0.039) and urea levels (5.9 +/- 3.1 vs 10.6 +/- 15.6 mg/dL; off-pump vs on-pump; P = 0.006) in the on-pump group. Moreover, there was a high tendency towards a higher rate of renal dysfunction associated death in this group. CONCLUSIONS: OPCAB is a safe and equally efficient operative method compared to CCAB, and has a significant lower risk for postoperative renal complications as a treatment modality for surgical coronary revascularisation.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and habitual smoking cause advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) in Asian patients at a younger age. No definite data exist as to whether off-pump (OPCAB) is better than conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CCAB) in terms of postoperative renal complications. Thus, we aimed to compare the renal outcomes of on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on our patients, which constituted a predominantly Asian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 395 patients following CCAB were compared with 293 patients who underwent OPCAB. Baseline demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative data, intensive care unit stay, number of grafts, New York Heart Association (NYHA) score, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, EuroSCORE risk assessment model, and postoperative complications particularly renal, were collected and analysed. RESULTS: The off-pump group consisted of significantly older patients with higher Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) and ASA scores. Additionally, the off-pump group involved a significantly greater number of smokers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Other demographic parameters were not different between the groups. Postoperative investigations showed a significantly elevated serum creatinine (100.3 +/- 42.5 vs 127.6 +/- 114.2 micromol/L; off-pump vs on-pump; P = 0.039) and urea levels (5.9 +/- 3.1 vs 10.6 +/- 15.6 mg/dL; off-pump vs on-pump; P = 0.006) in the on-pump group. Moreover, there was a high tendency towards a higher rate of renal dysfunction associated death in this group. CONCLUSIONS: OPCAB is a safe and equally efficient operative method compared to CCAB, and has a significant lower risk for postoperative renal complications as a treatment modality for surgical coronary revascularisation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2010
Deposited On:06 Jul 2010 15:05
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 01:30
Publisher:Academy of Medicine, Singapore
ISSN:0304-4602
Official URL:http://www.annals.edu.sg/current.cfm
PubMed ID:20237732

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