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Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins are poor inhibitors of CYP2D6


Dreiseitel, A; Schreier, P; Oehme, A; Locher, S; Rogler, G; Piberger, H; Hajak, G; Sand, P G (2009). Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins are poor inhibitors of CYP2D6. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, 31(1):3-9.

Abstract

The cytochrome P450 CYP2D6 isoform is involved in the metabolism of about 50% of all psychoactive drugs, including neuroleptic agents, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants. Therefore, inhibition of cytochrome P450 activity by foodstuffs has implications for drug safety. The present study addresses inhibitory effects of polyphenolic anthocyanins and their aglycons that are found in many dietary fruits and vegetables. Using a chemiluminescent assay, we obtained IC(50) values ranging from 55 microM to > 800 microM for 17 individual compounds. According to earlier data on furanocoumarins from grapefruit extract, CYP2D6 inhibition is achieved in the range of 190-900 nM. As the tested anthocyanins and anthocyanidins were shown to be about 1,000-fold less potent, they are unlikely to interfere with drug metabolism by CYP2D6. Further studies are warranted to examine the effects of the above flavonoids on other CYP isoforms for more detailed toxicity profiles.

Abstract

The cytochrome P450 CYP2D6 isoform is involved in the metabolism of about 50% of all psychoactive drugs, including neuroleptic agents, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants. Therefore, inhibition of cytochrome P450 activity by foodstuffs has implications for drug safety. The present study addresses inhibitory effects of polyphenolic anthocyanins and their aglycons that are found in many dietary fruits and vegetables. Using a chemiluminescent assay, we obtained IC(50) values ranging from 55 microM to > 800 microM for 17 individual compounds. According to earlier data on furanocoumarins from grapefruit extract, CYP2D6 inhibition is achieved in the range of 190-900 nM. As the tested anthocyanins and anthocyanidins were shown to be about 1,000-fold less potent, they are unlikely to interfere with drug metabolism by CYP2D6. Further studies are warranted to examine the effects of the above flavonoids on other CYP isoforms for more detailed toxicity profiles.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:12 Mar 2010 13:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:02
Publisher:Prous Science
ISSN:0379-0355
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1358/mf.2009.31.1.1346608
PubMed ID:19357792

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