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Transforming growth factor-beta 1 induces intestinal myofibroblast differentiation and modulates their migration


Brenmoehl, J; Miller, S N; Hofmann, C; Vogl, D; Falk, W; Schölmerich, J; Rogler, G (2009). Transforming growth factor-beta 1 induces intestinal myofibroblast differentiation and modulates their migration. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 15(12):1431-1442.

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the effects of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) on the differentiation of colonic lamina propria fibroblasts (CLPF) into myofibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: Primary CLPF cultures were incubated with TGF-beta 1 and analyzed for production of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), fibronectin (FN) and FN isoforms. Migration assays were performed in a modified 48-well Boyden chamber. Levels of total and phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in CLPF were analyzed after induction of migration. RESULTS: Incubation of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 for 2 d did not change alpha-SMA levels, while TGF-beta 1 treatment for 6 d significantly increased alpha-SMA production. Short term incubation (6 h) with TGF-beta 1 enhanced CLPF migration, while long term treatment (6 d) of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 reduced migration to 15%-37% compared to untreated cells. FN and FN isoform mRNA expression were increased after short term incubation with TGF-beta 1 (2 d) in contrast to long term incubation with TGF-beta 1 for 6 d. After induction of migration, TGF-beta 1-preincubated CLPF showed higher amounts of FN and its isoforms and lower levels of total and phosphorylated FAK than untreated cells. CONCLUSION: Long term incubation of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 induced differentiation into myofibroblasts with enhanced alpha-SMA, reduced migratory potential and FAK phosphorylation, and increased FN production. In contrast, short term contact (6 h) of fibroblasts with TGF-beta 1 induced a dose-dependent increase of cell migration and FAK phosphorylation without induction of alpha-SMA production.

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the effects of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) on the differentiation of colonic lamina propria fibroblasts (CLPF) into myofibroblasts in vitro. METHODS: Primary CLPF cultures were incubated with TGF-beta 1 and analyzed for production of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), fibronectin (FN) and FN isoforms. Migration assays were performed in a modified 48-well Boyden chamber. Levels of total and phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in CLPF were analyzed after induction of migration. RESULTS: Incubation of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 for 2 d did not change alpha-SMA levels, while TGF-beta 1 treatment for 6 d significantly increased alpha-SMA production. Short term incubation (6 h) with TGF-beta 1 enhanced CLPF migration, while long term treatment (6 d) of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 reduced migration to 15%-37% compared to untreated cells. FN and FN isoform mRNA expression were increased after short term incubation with TGF-beta 1 (2 d) in contrast to long term incubation with TGF-beta 1 for 6 d. After induction of migration, TGF-beta 1-preincubated CLPF showed higher amounts of FN and its isoforms and lower levels of total and phosphorylated FAK than untreated cells. CONCLUSION: Long term incubation of CLPF with TGF-beta 1 induced differentiation into myofibroblasts with enhanced alpha-SMA, reduced migratory potential and FAK phosphorylation, and increased FN production. In contrast, short term contact (6 h) of fibroblasts with TGF-beta 1 induced a dose-dependent increase of cell migration and FAK phosphorylation without induction of alpha-SMA production.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:08 Mar 2010 14:30
Last Modified:18 Feb 2018 00:42
Publisher:WJG Press
ISSN:1007-9327
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.15.1431
PubMed ID:19322915

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