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Platons Nebensonnen: Schönheit, Symmetrie und Wahrheit. Einige Bemerkungen zum semantischen Monismus und Pluralismus des "Guten" im "Philebos" (65a1-5)


Ferber, Rafael (2010). Platons Nebensonnen: Schönheit, Symmetrie und Wahrheit. Einige Bemerkungen zum semantischen Monismus und Pluralismus des "Guten" im "Philebos" (65a1-5). In: Brisson, Luc; Dillon, John. Plato's Philebus.Selected Papers from the Eighth Symposium Platonicum. St. Augustin: Academia Verlag, 259-265.

Abstract

Under semantic monism, I understand the thesis “The Good is said in one way” and under semantic pluralism, the antithesis “The Good is said in many ways”. Plato’s Socrates seems to defend a “semantic monism”. As only one sun exists, so the “Good” has for Socrates and Plato only one reference. Nevertheless, Socrates defends in the Philebus a semantic pluralism, more exactly trialism, of “beauty, symmetry and truth” (Phlb.65a2). Therefore, metaphorically speaking, there seem to exist not only one sun, but three suns. If the platonic Socrates defends a semantic monism on the one hand and pluralism on the other, how can we unite his pluralism with his monism?

My thesis is that the three references are “qualities” (poia) (cf. Ep. VII.343b8-c2) of the one single reference, or again, speaking metaphorically, “side suns” (Nebensonnen) of the single sun. For this I propose an exegesis of Plato’s last written word on the Good in Phlb.65a1-5 by dividing it into five sentences.

Abstract

Under semantic monism, I understand the thesis “The Good is said in one way” and under semantic pluralism, the antithesis “The Good is said in many ways”. Plato’s Socrates seems to defend a “semantic monism”. As only one sun exists, so the “Good” has for Socrates and Plato only one reference. Nevertheless, Socrates defends in the Philebus a semantic pluralism, more exactly trialism, of “beauty, symmetry and truth” (Phlb.65a2). Therefore, metaphorically speaking, there seem to exist not only one sun, but three suns. If the platonic Socrates defends a semantic monism on the one hand and pluralism on the other, how can we unite his pluralism with his monism?

My thesis is that the three references are “qualities” (poia) (cf. Ep. VII.343b8-c2) of the one single reference, or again, speaking metaphorically, “side suns” (Nebensonnen) of the single sun. For this I propose an exegesis of Plato’s last written word on the Good in Phlb.65a1-5 by dividing it into five sentences.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Philosophy
Dewey Decimal Classification:100 Philosophy
Language:German
Date:2010
Deposited On:19 Mar 2010 14:16
Last Modified:26 Jan 2017 08:46
Publisher:Academia Verlag
Series Name:International Plato Studies
Number:26
ISBN:978-3-89665-479-3
Related URLs:http://www.academia-verlag.de/ (Publisher)
http://www.recherche-portal.ch/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?fn=search&mode=Advanced&vid=ZAD&vl%28186672378UI0%29=isbn&vl%281UI0%29=contains&vl%28freeText0%29=978-3-89665-479-3
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