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Endoscopic management of pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy and enucleation


Goasguen, N; Bourrier, A; Ponsot, P; Bastien, L; Lesurtel, M; Prat, F; Dousset, B; Sauvanet, A (2009). Endoscopic management of pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy and enucleation. American Journal of Surgery, 197(6):715-720.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Preoperative endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy (EPS) has been proposed to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after distal pancreatectomy (DP) or enucleation (EN). The use of EPS as a curative treatment for POPF has been scarcely reported. We reported 10 consecutive patients who were successfully treated by EPS for a prolonged POPF. STUDY DESIGN: Ten patients underwent EPS for prolonged POPF (median duration = 40 days, range 20-114; median daily output = 80 mL, range 50-250) after 6 DPs, 2 ENs, and 2 medial pancreatectomies. RESULTS: EPS was performed in all patients, with stent insertion in 4. No patient developed a specific complication because of EPS. POPF healed within a median delay of 4 days (range 1-12). One patient underwent a repeated endoscopy to treat stent malposition. The median delay of discharge after EPS was 13 days (range 8-15). With a 20-month median follow up, 1 patient developed early transient POPF recurrence because of spontaneous stent migration. CONCLUSIONS: EPS is indicated for prolonged POPF after DP or EN because it is highly feasible, shortens healing, and is well tolerated.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Preoperative endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy (EPS) has been proposed to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after distal pancreatectomy (DP) or enucleation (EN). The use of EPS as a curative treatment for POPF has been scarcely reported. We reported 10 consecutive patients who were successfully treated by EPS for a prolonged POPF. STUDY DESIGN: Ten patients underwent EPS for prolonged POPF (median duration = 40 days, range 20-114; median daily output = 80 mL, range 50-250) after 6 DPs, 2 ENs, and 2 medial pancreatectomies. RESULTS: EPS was performed in all patients, with stent insertion in 4. No patient developed a specific complication because of EPS. POPF healed within a median delay of 4 days (range 1-12). One patient underwent a repeated endoscopy to treat stent malposition. The median delay of discharge after EPS was 13 days (range 8-15). With a 20-month median follow up, 1 patient developed early transient POPF recurrence because of spontaneous stent migration. CONCLUSIONS: EPS is indicated for prolonged POPF after DP or EN because it is highly feasible, shortens healing, and is well tolerated.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:12 Mar 2010 12:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:03
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9610
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2008.03.005
PubMed ID:18789426

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