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Studies of the molecular mechanism of caspase-8 activation by solution NMR


Keller, N; Grütter, M G; Zerbe, O (2010). Studies of the molecular mechanism of caspase-8 activation by solution NMR. Cell Dath and Differentiation, 17(4):710-718.

Abstract

Caspases are the key players of apoptosis and inflammation. They are present in the cells as latent precursors, procaspases, and are activated upon an apoptotic or inflammatory stimulus. The activation mechanism of caspases has been studied extensively by biochemical and biophysical methods. Additional structural information on active caspases with a variety of different inhibitors bound at the active site is available. In this study, we investigated the cleavage mechanism of caspase-8 from its zymogen to active caspase-8 by solution NMR and by biochemical methods. The intermolecular cleavage reaction using the catalytically inactive C285A procaspase-8 mutant is triggered by adding caspase-8 and followed by 15N,1H-NMR spectroscopy. The spectrum that initially resembles the one of procaspase-8 gradually over time changes to that of caspase-8, and disappearing peaks display exponential decaying intensities. Removal of either one of the cleavage recognition motifs in the linker, or phosphorylation at Tyr380, is shown to reduce the rate of the cleavage reaction. The data suggest that dimerization repositions the linker to become suitable for intermolecular processing by the associated protomer. Furthermore, analysis of inhibitor binding to the active caspase-8 reveals an induced-fit mechanism for substrate binding.

Abstract

Caspases are the key players of apoptosis and inflammation. They are present in the cells as latent precursors, procaspases, and are activated upon an apoptotic or inflammatory stimulus. The activation mechanism of caspases has been studied extensively by biochemical and biophysical methods. Additional structural information on active caspases with a variety of different inhibitors bound at the active site is available. In this study, we investigated the cleavage mechanism of caspase-8 from its zymogen to active caspase-8 by solution NMR and by biochemical methods. The intermolecular cleavage reaction using the catalytically inactive C285A procaspase-8 mutant is triggered by adding caspase-8 and followed by 15N,1H-NMR spectroscopy. The spectrum that initially resembles the one of procaspase-8 gradually over time changes to that of caspase-8, and disappearing peaks display exponential decaying intensities. Removal of either one of the cleavage recognition motifs in the linker, or phosphorylation at Tyr380, is shown to reduce the rate of the cleavage reaction. The data suggest that dimerization repositions the linker to become suitable for intermolecular processing by the associated protomer. Furthermore, analysis of inhibitor binding to the active caspase-8 reveals an induced-fit mechanism for substrate binding.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry

07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
540 Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:apoptosis NMR caspase-8
Language:English
Date:15 April 2010
Deposited On:19 Mar 2010 12:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:03
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/cdd.2009.155
Official URL:http://www.nature.com/cdd/journal/v17/n4/abs/cdd2009155a.html

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