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Macropinocytotic uptake and infection of human epithelial cells with species B2 adenovirus type 35


Kälin, S; Amstutz, B; Gastaldelli, M; Wolfrum, N; Boucke, K; Havenga, M; Digennaro, F; Liska, N; Hemmi, S; Greber, U F (2010). Macropinocytotic uptake and infection of human epithelial cells with species B2 adenovirus type 35. Journal of Virology, 84(10):5336-5350.

Abstract

The human adenovirus serotype 35 (HAdV-35, short Ad35) causes kidney and urinary tract infections, and infects respiratory organs of immunocompromised individuals. Unlike other adenoviruses, Ad35 has a low seroprevalence which makes Ad35-based vectors promising candidates for gene therapy. Ad35 utilizes CD46 and integrins as receptors for infection of epithelial and hematopoietic cells. Here, we show that infectious entry of Ad35 into HeLa, human kidney HK-2 cells and normal human lung fibroblasts strongly depended on CD46 and integrins but not heparan sulfate, and variably required the large GTPase dynamin. Ad35 infections were independent of expression of the carboxy-terminal domain of AP180 which effectively blocks clathrin-mediated uptake. Ad35 infections were inhibited by small chemicals against the serine/threonine kinase Pak1 (p21-activated kinase), protein kinase C (PKC), sodium-proton exchangers, actin and acidic organelles. Remarkably, the F-actin inhibitor jasplakinolide, the Pak1 inhibitor IPA-3 or the sodium-proton exchange inhibitor EIPA blocked the endocytic uptake of Ad35. Dominant-negative proteins or small interfering RNAs against factors driving macropinocytosis, including the small GTPase Rac1, Pak1 or the Pak1 effector C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) potently inhibited Ad35 infection. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, electron microscopy and live cell imaging showed that Ad35 colocalized with fluid phase markers in large endocytic structures that were positive for CD46, alpha v integrins and also CtBP1. Our results extend earlier observations with HAdV-3 (Ad3), and establish macropinocytosis as an infectious pathway for species B human adenoviruses in epithelial and hematopoietic cells.

Abstract

The human adenovirus serotype 35 (HAdV-35, short Ad35) causes kidney and urinary tract infections, and infects respiratory organs of immunocompromised individuals. Unlike other adenoviruses, Ad35 has a low seroprevalence which makes Ad35-based vectors promising candidates for gene therapy. Ad35 utilizes CD46 and integrins as receptors for infection of epithelial and hematopoietic cells. Here, we show that infectious entry of Ad35 into HeLa, human kidney HK-2 cells and normal human lung fibroblasts strongly depended on CD46 and integrins but not heparan sulfate, and variably required the large GTPase dynamin. Ad35 infections were independent of expression of the carboxy-terminal domain of AP180 which effectively blocks clathrin-mediated uptake. Ad35 infections were inhibited by small chemicals against the serine/threonine kinase Pak1 (p21-activated kinase), protein kinase C (PKC), sodium-proton exchangers, actin and acidic organelles. Remarkably, the F-actin inhibitor jasplakinolide, the Pak1 inhibitor IPA-3 or the sodium-proton exchange inhibitor EIPA blocked the endocytic uptake of Ad35. Dominant-negative proteins or small interfering RNAs against factors driving macropinocytosis, including the small GTPase Rac1, Pak1 or the Pak1 effector C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) potently inhibited Ad35 infection. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, electron microscopy and live cell imaging showed that Ad35 colocalized with fluid phase markers in large endocytic structures that were positive for CD46, alpha v integrins and also CtBP1. Our results extend earlier observations with HAdV-3 (Ad3), and establish macropinocytosis as an infectious pathway for species B human adenoviruses in epithelial and hematopoietic cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:macropinocytosis, infectious entry, human epithelial cells, CD46, integrin
Language:English
Date:May 2010
Deposited On:22 Apr 2010 11:08
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 15:15
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0022-538X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02494-09
PubMed ID:20237079

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