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The Jena Experiment: six years of data from a grassland biodiversity experiment


Weigelt, A; Marquard, E; Temperton, V M; Roscher, C; Scherber, C; Mwangi, P N; von Felten, S; Buchmann, N; Schmid, B; Schulze, E D; Weisser, W W (2010). The Jena Experiment: six years of data from a grassland biodiversity experiment. Ecology, 91(3):930-931.

Abstract

This data set contains species-specific biomass and cover data as well as community leaf area index (LAI) and height from a large grassland biodiversity experiment (Jena Experiment). In this experiment, 82 grassland plots of 20320 m were established from a pool of 60 species belonging to four functional groups (grasses, legumes, and tall and small herbs). In May 2002, varying numbers of plant species were sown into the plots to create a
gradient of plant species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 60 species) and functional richness (1, 2, 3, and 4 functional groups). Plots were maintained by biannual weeding and mowing. The data set encompasses the 2002–2008 May and August biomass harvests from 3–4 subplots of 0.23 0.5 m per experimental plot sorted to species. Moreover, plant species and community cover estimated in an approximately 9-m2 subplot per plot are included in the data set. Each biomass harvest was accompanied by measurements of vegetation height and LAI per plot. Analyses of the community biomass data have identified species richness as well as functional group composition as important drivers of a positive biodiversity–productivity relationship.
The data set can be used to study a variety of questions about how plant community composition and structure respond to changes in species richness and functional diversity over
time. Sampling is ongoing, and new data will be added.

Abstract

This data set contains species-specific biomass and cover data as well as community leaf area index (LAI) and height from a large grassland biodiversity experiment (Jena Experiment). In this experiment, 82 grassland plots of 20320 m were established from a pool of 60 species belonging to four functional groups (grasses, legumes, and tall and small herbs). In May 2002, varying numbers of plant species were sown into the plots to create a
gradient of plant species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 60 species) and functional richness (1, 2, 3, and 4 functional groups). Plots were maintained by biannual weeding and mowing. The data set encompasses the 2002–2008 May and August biomass harvests from 3–4 subplots of 0.23 0.5 m per experimental plot sorted to species. Moreover, plant species and community cover estimated in an approximately 9-m2 subplot per plot are included in the data set. Each biomass harvest was accompanied by measurements of vegetation height and LAI per plot. Analyses of the community biomass data have identified species richness as well as functional group composition as important drivers of a positive biodiversity–productivity relationship.
The data set can be used to study a variety of questions about how plant community composition and structure respond to changes in species richness and functional diversity over
time. Sampling is ongoing, and new data will be added.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Uncontrolled Keywords:biodiversity experiment; functional composition; height; LAI (leaf area index); plant community; species biomass; species cover
Language:English
Date:March 2010
Deposited On:08 Jun 2010 18:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:08
Publisher:Ecological Society of America
ISSN:0012-9658
Additional Information:Copyright by the Ecological Society of America. For the data set see: Ecological Archives at http://esapubs.org/archive
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0863.1
Related URLs:http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E091/066/default.htm#data

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