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Insulin-stimulated protein kinase B phosphorylation on Ser-473 is independent of its activity and occurs through a staurosporine-insensitive kinase


Hill, M M; Andjelkovic, M; Brazil, D P; Ferrari, S; Fabbro, D; Hemmings, B A (2001). Insulin-stimulated protein kinase B phosphorylation on Ser-473 is independent of its activity and occurs through a staurosporine-insensitive kinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276(28):25643-25646.

Abstract

Full activation of protein kinase B (PKB, also called Akt) requires phosphorylation on two regulatory sites, Thr-308 in the activation loop and Ser-473 in the hydrophobic C-terminal regulatory domain (numbering for PKB alpha/Akt-1). Although 3'-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) has now been identified as the Thr-308 kinase, the mechanism of the Ser-473 phosphorylation remains controversial. As a step to further characterize the Ser-473 kinase, we examined the effects of a range of protein kinase inhibitors on the activation and phosphorylation of PKB. We found that staurosporine, a broad-specificity kinase inhibitor and inducer of cell apoptosis, attenuated PKB activation exclusively through the inhibition of Thr-308 phosphorylation, with Ser-473 phosphorylation unaffected. The increase in Thr-308 phosphorylation because of overexpression of PDK1 was also inhibited by staurosporine. We further show that staurosporine (CGP 39360) potently inhibited PDK1 activity in vitro with an IC(50) of approximately 0.22 microm. These data indicate that agonist-induced phosphorylation of Ser-473 of PKB is independent of PDK1 or PKB activity and occurs through a distinct Ser-473 kinase that is not inhibited by staurosporine. Moreover, our results suggest that inhibition of PKB signaling is involved in the proapoptotic action of staurosporine.

Abstract

Full activation of protein kinase B (PKB, also called Akt) requires phosphorylation on two regulatory sites, Thr-308 in the activation loop and Ser-473 in the hydrophobic C-terminal regulatory domain (numbering for PKB alpha/Akt-1). Although 3'-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) has now been identified as the Thr-308 kinase, the mechanism of the Ser-473 phosphorylation remains controversial. As a step to further characterize the Ser-473 kinase, we examined the effects of a range of protein kinase inhibitors on the activation and phosphorylation of PKB. We found that staurosporine, a broad-specificity kinase inhibitor and inducer of cell apoptosis, attenuated PKB activation exclusively through the inhibition of Thr-308 phosphorylation, with Ser-473 phosphorylation unaffected. The increase in Thr-308 phosphorylation because of overexpression of PDK1 was also inhibited by staurosporine. We further show that staurosporine (CGP 39360) potently inhibited PDK1 activity in vitro with an IC(50) of approximately 0.22 microm. These data indicate that agonist-induced phosphorylation of Ser-473 of PKB is independent of PDK1 or PKB activity and occurs through a distinct Ser-473 kinase that is not inhibited by staurosporine. Moreover, our results suggest that inhibition of PKB signaling is involved in the proapoptotic action of staurosporine.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2001
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 13:19
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 02:42
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Additional Information:This research was originally published in: Hill, M M; Andjelkovic, M; Brazil, D P; Ferrari, S; Fabbro, D; Hemmings, B A (2001). Insulin-stimulated protein kinase B phosphorylation on Ser-473 is independent of its activity and occurs through a staurosporine-insensitive kinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276(28):25643-25646. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C100174200
PubMed ID:11373274

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