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Determinants of circulating insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 concentrations in a cohort of Singapore men and women


Probst-Hensch, N M; Wang, H; Goh, V H H; Seow, A; Lee, H-P; Yu, M C (2003). Determinants of circulating insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 concentrations in a cohort of Singapore men and women. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, 12(8):739-746.

Abstract

Variation in the circulating concentrations of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system has been implicated in the etiology of chronic diseases including cancer (prostate, breast, colon, and lung), heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis. We searched for sociodemographic, anthropometric, reproductive, lifestyle, and dietary determinants of IGF-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) -3 serum concentrations. Serum samples were collected in a Singapore Chinese cohort with a mean age of 61 years. Subject information was assessed during an in-person interview. Radioimmunometrically measured IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were available for 312 men and 326 postmenopausal women ages 50 years or older. Mean IGF-I concentrations were 144 ng/ml and 121 ng/ml for men and women, respectively (gender difference, P < 0.0001), and mean IGFBP-3 concentrations were 3710 ng/ml and 4147 ng/ml for men and women, respectively (gender difference, P < 0.0001). IGF-I and IGFBP-3 decreased with age (P for trend <0.0001); the age-related decrease in the IGF-I:IGFBP-3 molar ratio was stronger in women than men. IGF-I concentrations were higher among physically inactive subjects and among women with an early age at menarche. Consumption of saturated fat was found to decrease, and intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and of dietary fiber was found to increase circulating IGFBP-3 concentrations. Intake of calcium from food and supplement was associated positively with circulating IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and molar ratio. Intake of soy was associated positively with IGF-I and molar ratio concentrations, but only in men. The results of this study lend additional support to the hypothesis that circulating IGF-I concentrations increase the risk of prostate, bladder, colorectal, and breast cancer.

Abstract

Variation in the circulating concentrations of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system has been implicated in the etiology of chronic diseases including cancer (prostate, breast, colon, and lung), heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis. We searched for sociodemographic, anthropometric, reproductive, lifestyle, and dietary determinants of IGF-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) -3 serum concentrations. Serum samples were collected in a Singapore Chinese cohort with a mean age of 61 years. Subject information was assessed during an in-person interview. Radioimmunometrically measured IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were available for 312 men and 326 postmenopausal women ages 50 years or older. Mean IGF-I concentrations were 144 ng/ml and 121 ng/ml for men and women, respectively (gender difference, P < 0.0001), and mean IGFBP-3 concentrations were 3710 ng/ml and 4147 ng/ml for men and women, respectively (gender difference, P < 0.0001). IGF-I and IGFBP-3 decreased with age (P for trend <0.0001); the age-related decrease in the IGF-I:IGFBP-3 molar ratio was stronger in women than men. IGF-I concentrations were higher among physically inactive subjects and among women with an early age at menarche. Consumption of saturated fat was found to decrease, and intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and of dietary fiber was found to increase circulating IGFBP-3 concentrations. Intake of calcium from food and supplement was associated positively with circulating IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and molar ratio. Intake of soy was associated positively with IGF-I and molar ratio concentrations, but only in men. The results of this study lend additional support to the hypothesis that circulating IGF-I concentrations increase the risk of prostate, bladder, colorectal, and breast cancer.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 15:49
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 02:45
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:1055-9965
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/12/8/739
PubMed ID:12917205

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