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Normal gas exchange after 30-h ischemia and treatment with phosphodiesterase inhibitor PDI747


Dutly, A E; Inci, I; Hillinger, S; Zalunardo, M; Gaspert, A; Rousson, V; Seifert, Burkhardt; Weder, W (2003). Normal gas exchange after 30-h ischemia and treatment with phosphodiesterase inhibitor PDI747. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 24(4):594-600.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) negatively regulate the concentrations of cAMP and/or cGMP, which act as downstream second messengers to the prostaglandins. PDE type-4 (PDE4) is selective for cAMP and is found in high concentrations in endothelial, epithelial, and different blood cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate if PDI747, a novel selective inhibitor of PDE4, can restore pretransplant cAMP levels and thereby posttransplant organ function after prolonged cold ischemia. METHODS: Left lung transplantation was performed in pigs (25-31 kg). Donor lungs were flushed with low potassium dextran glucose (LPDG) solution only (control, n=5)or, in addition with 1 micromol of PDI747 (PDI747, n=5) and stored for 30 h at 1 degrees C. PDI747 animals further received a bolus of PDI747 (0.3 mg/kg) 15 min prior to reperfusion and a continuous infusion (0.3 mg/kg per hour) during the 5 h after reperfusion. After occlusion of the right pulmonary arteries and the right main bronchus, hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters and extravascular lung water (EVLW) levels of the transplanted lung were assessed. RESULTS: Two control animals died of severe lung edema leading to heart failure (control, n=3). One animal in the treatment group was excluded due to a patent ductus arteriosus (PDI747, n=4). Gas exchange at the end of the experiment was restored to normal levels in the PDI747 group (Pa, O(2) 47.6+/-11.2 kPa, Pa,CO(2) 6.4+/-1.8 kPa) but not in the control group (Pa, O(2) 7.7+/-2.9 kPa, Pa, CO(2) 11.9+/-3.0 kPa, P(PaO2)<0.0001, P(Pa, CO2)=0.06). Extravascular lung water (EVLW) was normal in the PDI747 group (8.5+/-1.1 ml/kg) and clearly elevated in the control group (16.2+/-5.6 ml/kg, P=0.007). Airway pressure in the PDI747 group was significantly lower than in the control group (7.8+/-0.5 cm H(2)O vs. 11.3+/-0.6 cm H(2)O, respectively, P<0.0001). The free radical mediated tissue injury measured by lipid peroxidation (TBARS) was significantly reduced (P=0.001) in the PDI747 group. CONCLUSIONS: With the inhibition of PDE4 with PDI747 we achieved normal gas exchange, no posttransplant lung edema, normal airway pressures, and a reduced free radical injury after 30 h of cold ischemia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) negatively regulate the concentrations of cAMP and/or cGMP, which act as downstream second messengers to the prostaglandins. PDE type-4 (PDE4) is selective for cAMP and is found in high concentrations in endothelial, epithelial, and different blood cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate if PDI747, a novel selective inhibitor of PDE4, can restore pretransplant cAMP levels and thereby posttransplant organ function after prolonged cold ischemia. METHODS: Left lung transplantation was performed in pigs (25-31 kg). Donor lungs were flushed with low potassium dextran glucose (LPDG) solution only (control, n=5)or, in addition with 1 micromol of PDI747 (PDI747, n=5) and stored for 30 h at 1 degrees C. PDI747 animals further received a bolus of PDI747 (0.3 mg/kg) 15 min prior to reperfusion and a continuous infusion (0.3 mg/kg per hour) during the 5 h after reperfusion. After occlusion of the right pulmonary arteries and the right main bronchus, hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters and extravascular lung water (EVLW) levels of the transplanted lung were assessed. RESULTS: Two control animals died of severe lung edema leading to heart failure (control, n=3). One animal in the treatment group was excluded due to a patent ductus arteriosus (PDI747, n=4). Gas exchange at the end of the experiment was restored to normal levels in the PDI747 group (Pa, O(2) 47.6+/-11.2 kPa, Pa,CO(2) 6.4+/-1.8 kPa) but not in the control group (Pa, O(2) 7.7+/-2.9 kPa, Pa, CO(2) 11.9+/-3.0 kPa, P(PaO2)<0.0001, P(Pa, CO2)=0.06). Extravascular lung water (EVLW) was normal in the PDI747 group (8.5+/-1.1 ml/kg) and clearly elevated in the control group (16.2+/-5.6 ml/kg, P=0.007). Airway pressure in the PDI747 group was significantly lower than in the control group (7.8+/-0.5 cm H(2)O vs. 11.3+/-0.6 cm H(2)O, respectively, P<0.0001). The free radical mediated tissue injury measured by lipid peroxidation (TBARS) was significantly reduced (P=0.001) in the PDI747 group. CONCLUSIONS: With the inhibition of PDE4 with PDI747 we achieved normal gas exchange, no posttransplant lung edema, normal airway pressures, and a reduced free radical injury after 30 h of cold ischemia.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:13 Jul 2010 07:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:10
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1010-7940
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-7940(03)00463-9
PubMed ID:14500080

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