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Distress and alexithymia in lung recipients - psychosocial strains and associations with chronic allograft dysfunction


Goetzmann, L; Irani, S; Schwegler, K; Stamm, M; Bricman, R; Buddeberg, C; Schmid, C; Benden, C; Klaghofer, R; Boehler, A (2010). Distress and alexithymia in lung recipients - psychosocial strains and associations with chronic allograft dysfunction. Swiss Medical Weekly, 140(25-26):382-387.

Abstract

QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: In recent years, distress and alexithymia have been recognised as psychosocial factors related to both somatic and psychosomatic diseases. In this study distress and alexithymia and their associations with physical parameters were investigated in lung recipients. METHODS: The study, which included 76 patients after a lung transplant, measured psychological distress (Symptom Checklist, SCL-K-9) and alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale, TAS-20). Physical health was assessed by means of lung function (FEV1), exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), and comorbidity (CCI) at the time of the questionnaire survey. A bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) was assessed at the time of the questionnaire survey and one year later. RESULTS: Mean values of distress were found to be significantly higher in lung recipients than in a normal community sample, and mean values of alexithymia were significantly higher in lung patients than in healthy persons. There is a significant positive correlation between distress and BOS at the time of the questionnaire survey (p = .008). Distress is a predictor for new-onset BOS one year after the questionnaire survey (p = .026). No significant correlations were found between alexithymia and physical parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Lung transplants go hand-in-hand with increased alexithymia and psychological distress. In addition, psychological distress may contribute to the development of BOS. This association underlines the importance of psychosocial support after lung transplantation.

Abstract

QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: In recent years, distress and alexithymia have been recognised as psychosocial factors related to both somatic and psychosomatic diseases. In this study distress and alexithymia and their associations with physical parameters were investigated in lung recipients. METHODS: The study, which included 76 patients after a lung transplant, measured psychological distress (Symptom Checklist, SCL-K-9) and alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale, TAS-20). Physical health was assessed by means of lung function (FEV1), exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), and comorbidity (CCI) at the time of the questionnaire survey. A bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) was assessed at the time of the questionnaire survey and one year later. RESULTS: Mean values of distress were found to be significantly higher in lung recipients than in a normal community sample, and mean values of alexithymia were significantly higher in lung patients than in healthy persons. There is a significant positive correlation between distress and BOS at the time of the questionnaire survey (p = .008). Distress is a predictor for new-onset BOS one year after the questionnaire survey (p = .026). No significant correlations were found between alexithymia and physical parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Lung transplants go hand-in-hand with increased alexithymia and psychological distress. In addition, psychological distress may contribute to the development of BOS. This association underlines the importance of psychosocial support after lung transplantation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Klinik für Konsiliarpsychiatrie und Psychosomatik
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:14 Jul 2010 08:38
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 17:10
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0036-7672
OA Status:Gold
PubMed ID:20175005

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