ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Kaposi's sarcomas have been associated with different conditions of immunosuppression and are also known to be a typical complication of solid organ transplantations. CASE PRESENTATION: We report of a 65 year old man of Turkish origin with a history of heart transplantation 10 months ago who presented for clarification of his dyspnoea. The patient had a known history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a smoking history of 40 pack years. Radiologically, three progressively growing intrapulmonary nodules were detected. The histology was diagnostic for a Kaposi's sarcoma. Visceral and especially primary intrapulmonary Kaposi's sarcomas are very rare and have been described to have a rather unfavourable prognosis. CONCLUSION: Even with a history suggestive for conventional lung cancer, Kaposi's sarcomas should be considered in patients after transplantation of solid organs. It should be noticed that in a minority of cases this tumour exists in the absence of the typical cutaneous lesions.