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Ways to Happiness in German-Speaking Countries: The Adaptation of the German Version of the Orientations to Happiness Questionnaire in Paper-Pencil and Internet Samples


Ruch, Willibald; Harzer, Claudia; Proyer, Rene T; Park, N; Peterson, C (2010). Ways to Happiness in German-Speaking Countries: The Adaptation of the German Version of the Orientations to Happiness Questionnaire in Paper-Pencil and Internet Samples. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26(3):227-234.

Abstract

Peterson, Park, and Seligman (2005) developed the Orientations to Happiness (OTH) questionnaire to measure three routes to
happiness: life of pleasure (hedonism), life of engagement (flow) and life of meaning (eudemonia). The questionnaire was translated into
German in several steps (independent translations by five experts, creation of the initial version by committee approach, retranslation,
modification, and final version). Data were collected in paper-pencil (N = 1,152) and Internet samples (N = 4,174). The OTH scales
showed satisfactory internal consistencies (.63 ≤ α ≤ .76) and stability across 6 months (all ≥ .63). The factorial structure of the German
OTH was analyzed (RMSEA ≤ .074 and SRMR ≤ .043 for the 3-factor solution) in both samples. Tucker’s Phi coefficients for factorial
congruence between the two samples were .99. The three scales were positively intercorrelated. The endorsement of the life of pleasure
was higher in younger, unmarried, and nonreligious participants. The life of meaning was more pronounced among the religious participants.
There was a good convergence (all > .49) between homologous scale of the self- and peer-form, and the OTH predicted behavior
in prototypical pleasure, engagement, and meaning situations. Most importantly, high scores in each of the orientations to happiness
corresponded to higher degrees of overall satisfaction with life.

Abstract

Peterson, Park, and Seligman (2005) developed the Orientations to Happiness (OTH) questionnaire to measure three routes to
happiness: life of pleasure (hedonism), life of engagement (flow) and life of meaning (eudemonia). The questionnaire was translated into
German in several steps (independent translations by five experts, creation of the initial version by committee approach, retranslation,
modification, and final version). Data were collected in paper-pencil (N = 1,152) and Internet samples (N = 4,174). The OTH scales
showed satisfactory internal consistencies (.63 ≤ α ≤ .76) and stability across 6 months (all ≥ .63). The factorial structure of the German
OTH was analyzed (RMSEA ≤ .074 and SRMR ≤ .043 for the 3-factor solution) in both samples. Tucker’s Phi coefficients for factorial
congruence between the two samples were .99. The three scales were positively intercorrelated. The endorsement of the life of pleasure
was higher in younger, unmarried, and nonreligious participants. The life of meaning was more pronounced among the religious participants.
There was a good convergence (all > .49) between homologous scale of the self- and peer-form, and the OTH predicted behavior
in prototypical pleasure, engagement, and meaning situations. Most importantly, high scores in each of the orientations to happiness
corresponded to higher degrees of overall satisfaction with life.

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33 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:orientations to happiness, positive psychology, pleasure, engagement, meaning
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:19 Jul 2010 13:06
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 03:00
Publisher:Hogrefe
ISSN:1015-5759
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000030

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