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Nontruncating APC germ-line mutations and mismatch repair deficiency play a minor role in APC mutation-negative polyposis


Heinimann, K; Thompson, A; Locher, A; Furlanetto, T; Bader, E; Wolf, A; Meier, R; Walter, K; Bauerfeind, P; Marra, G; Müller, H; Foernzler, D; Dobbie, Z (2001). Nontruncating APC germ-line mutations and mismatch repair deficiency play a minor role in APC mutation-negative polyposis. Cancer Research, 61(20):7616-7622.

Abstract

Familial adenomatous polyposis, an autosomal-dominantly inherited colorectal cancer predisposition syndrome, is caused by germ-line mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Despite the use of different screening methods, studies worldwide fail to identify APC mutations in 20-50% of all familial adenomatous polyposis patients (APC mutation-negatives). In this study, missense mutations in the coding region of the APC gene, which would have been missed by the protein truncation test, as well as mutations in the APC promoter and the 3' untranslated region, were determined by the single nucleotide polymorphism discovery assay and direct DNA sequencing in 31 mutation-negative polyposis patients. Seventeen gene alterations were identified, whereof four (12.9%) represent possibly pathogenic germ-line mutations: silent A290T (promoter) and A8822G (3' untranslated region) as well as missense R99W and E1317Q (coding region). The 27 remaining, truly APC mutation-negative polyposis patients displayed a significantly later age at diagnosis compared with APC mutation carriers (46.1 versus 35.2 years; P < 0.01). APC mutation-negative individuals with >100 colonic polyps were more likely to present with extracolonic disease (P < 0.05) than those with <100. Assessment of microsatellite instability (MSI), a hallmark of mismatch repair deficiency, in 68 tumors from 21 truly APC mutation-negative patients, identified 4 (5.9%) unstable tubulo-villous adenomas (3 MSI-High and 1 MSI-Low), stemming from 4 (19%) unrelated individuals and likely to be caused by hMLH1 promoter hypermethylation. In conclusion, only a small proportion of APC germ-line mutation carriers is missed by the protein truncation test, and mismatch repair deficiency does not seem to substantially contribute to tumor development in APC mutation-negative polyposis patients.

Abstract

Familial adenomatous polyposis, an autosomal-dominantly inherited colorectal cancer predisposition syndrome, is caused by germ-line mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Despite the use of different screening methods, studies worldwide fail to identify APC mutations in 20-50% of all familial adenomatous polyposis patients (APC mutation-negatives). In this study, missense mutations in the coding region of the APC gene, which would have been missed by the protein truncation test, as well as mutations in the APC promoter and the 3' untranslated region, were determined by the single nucleotide polymorphism discovery assay and direct DNA sequencing in 31 mutation-negative polyposis patients. Seventeen gene alterations were identified, whereof four (12.9%) represent possibly pathogenic germ-line mutations: silent A290T (promoter) and A8822G (3' untranslated region) as well as missense R99W and E1317Q (coding region). The 27 remaining, truly APC mutation-negative polyposis patients displayed a significantly later age at diagnosis compared with APC mutation carriers (46.1 versus 35.2 years; P < 0.01). APC mutation-negative individuals with >100 colonic polyps were more likely to present with extracolonic disease (P < 0.05) than those with <100. Assessment of microsatellite instability (MSI), a hallmark of mismatch repair deficiency, in 68 tumors from 21 truly APC mutation-negative patients, identified 4 (5.9%) unstable tubulo-villous adenomas (3 MSI-High and 1 MSI-Low), stemming from 4 (19%) unrelated individuals and likely to be caused by hMLH1 promoter hypermethylation. In conclusion, only a small proportion of APC germ-line mutation carriers is missed by the protein truncation test, and mismatch repair deficiency does not seem to substantially contribute to tumor development in APC mutation-negative polyposis patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2001
Deposited On:01 Oct 2010 13:11
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 03:10
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:0008-5472
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/61/20/7616.abstract
PubMed ID:11606402

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