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The role of stress hormones in the relationship between resting blood pressure and coagulation activity.


Wirtz, P H; Ehlert, Ulrike; Emini, L; Rüdisüli, K; Groessbauer, S; Mausbach, B T; von Känel, R (2006). The role of stress hormones in the relationship between resting blood pressure and coagulation activity. Journal of Hypertension, 24(12):2409-16.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Systemic hypertension confers a hypercoagulable state. We hypothesized that resting mean blood pressure (MBP) interacts with stress hormones in predicting coagulation activity at rest and with acute mental stress. METHODS: We measured plasma clotting factor VII activity (FVII:C), FVIII:C, fibrinogen, D-dimer, epinephrine and norepinephrine, and saliva cortisol in 42 otherwise healthy normotensive and hypertensive medication-free men (mean age 43 +/- 14 years) at rest, immediately after stress, and twice during 60 min of recovery from stress. RESULTS: At rest, the MBP-by-epinephrine interaction predicted FVII:C (beta = -0.33, P < 0.04) and D-dimer (beta = 0.26, P < 0.05), and the MBP-by-cortisol interaction predicted D-dimer (beta = 0.43, P = 0.001), all independent of age and body mass index (BMI). Resting norepinephrine predicted fibrinogen (beta = 0.42, P < 0.01) and D-dimer (beta = 0.37, P < 0.03), both independent of MBP. MBP predicted FVIII:C change from rest to immediately post-stress independent of epinephrine (beta = -0.37, P < 0.03) and norepinephrine (beta = -0.38, P < 0.02). Cortisol change predicted FVIII:C change (beta = -0.30, P < 0.05) independent of age, BMI and MBP. Integrated norepinephrine change from rest to recovery (area under the curve, AUC) predicted D-dimer AUC (beta = 0.34, P = 0.04) independent of MBP. The MBP-by-epinephrine AUC interaction predicted FVII:C AUC (beta = 0.28) and fibrinogen AUC (beta = -0.30), and the MBP-by-norepinephrine AUC interaction predicted FVIII:C AUC (beta = -0.28), all with borderline significance (Ps < 0.09) and independent of age and BMI. CONCLUSIONS: MBP significantly altered the association between stress hormones and coagulation activity at rest and, with borderline significance, across the entire stress and recovery interval. Independent of MBP, catecholamines were associated with procoagulant effects and cortisol reactivity dampened the acute procoagulant stress response.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Systemic hypertension confers a hypercoagulable state. We hypothesized that resting mean blood pressure (MBP) interacts with stress hormones in predicting coagulation activity at rest and with acute mental stress. METHODS: We measured plasma clotting factor VII activity (FVII:C), FVIII:C, fibrinogen, D-dimer, epinephrine and norepinephrine, and saliva cortisol in 42 otherwise healthy normotensive and hypertensive medication-free men (mean age 43 +/- 14 years) at rest, immediately after stress, and twice during 60 min of recovery from stress. RESULTS: At rest, the MBP-by-epinephrine interaction predicted FVII:C (beta = -0.33, P < 0.04) and D-dimer (beta = 0.26, P < 0.05), and the MBP-by-cortisol interaction predicted D-dimer (beta = 0.43, P = 0.001), all independent of age and body mass index (BMI). Resting norepinephrine predicted fibrinogen (beta = 0.42, P < 0.01) and D-dimer (beta = 0.37, P < 0.03), both independent of MBP. MBP predicted FVIII:C change from rest to immediately post-stress independent of epinephrine (beta = -0.37, P < 0.03) and norepinephrine (beta = -0.38, P < 0.02). Cortisol change predicted FVIII:C change (beta = -0.30, P < 0.05) independent of age, BMI and MBP. Integrated norepinephrine change from rest to recovery (area under the curve, AUC) predicted D-dimer AUC (beta = 0.34, P = 0.04) independent of MBP. The MBP-by-epinephrine AUC interaction predicted FVII:C AUC (beta = 0.28) and fibrinogen AUC (beta = -0.30), and the MBP-by-norepinephrine AUC interaction predicted FVIII:C AUC (beta = -0.28), all with borderline significance (Ps < 0.09) and independent of age and BMI. CONCLUSIONS: MBP significantly altered the association between stress hormones and coagulation activity at rest and, with borderline significance, across the entire stress and recovery interval. Independent of MBP, catecholamines were associated with procoagulant effects and cortisol reactivity dampened the acute procoagulant stress response.

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18 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Date:2006
Deposited On:31 Aug 2010 09:08
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 03:14
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0263-6352
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e32801098e5
PubMed ID:17082723

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