OBJECTIVE: In healthy subjects, spinal reflexes (SR) evoked by non-noxious tibial nerve stimulation consist of an early (60-120ms latency) and an occasional late-appearing (120-450ms latency) component in the ipsilateral tibialis anterior. In chronic (>1year) complete spinal cord injured (cSCI) subjects early components are small or lacking while late components are dominant. Here we report on the modulation of SR by assisted locomotion in healthy and chronic motor cSCI subjects. METHODS: SR was evoked by tibial nerve stimulation at the terminal stance phase during assisted locomotion and was compared to SR recorded during upright stance. RESULTS: In chronic cSCI subjects only a late SR component was consistently present during upright stance. However during assisted locomotion, an early SR component appeared, while amplitude of the late SR component became small. In contrast, in healthy subjects the early SR component dominated in all conditions, but a small late component appeared during assisted locomotion. CONCLUSION: A more balanced activity of early and late SR components occurred in both subject groups if an appropriate proprioceptive input was provided. SIGNIFICANCE: Early and late SR components are assumed to reflect the activity of separate neuronal circuits, which are associated with the locomotor circuitry possibly by shaping the pattern.