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The synonymies of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842-demasculinisations, lectotype designations and a nomen oblitum (Diptera, Dolichopodidae)


Germann, Christoph; Kahanpaa, Jere; Pollet, Marc; Pollini, Lucia; Bernasconi, Marco V (2010). The synonymies of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842-demasculinisations, lectotype designations and a nomen oblitum (Diptera, Dolichopodidae). Zootaxa, 2560:51-60.

Abstract

Type material of all synonyms of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842 was examined, except for D. dissimilipes Zetterstedt, 1843 where no type material was available. Lectotype specimens are designated for D. lapponicus Becker, 1917 and D. uliginosulus Dyte, 1980. The previously proposed, but not directly verified synonymy of D. lapponicus with D. lepidus is here confirmed. Two junior synonyms-D. lapponicus and D. cruralis-were provoked by nematode infections that lead to demasculinisation of the males, which mislead former authors in their descriptions. Demasculinised specimens of the junior synonyms are depicted. To stabilize nomenclature, we propose Dolichopus lepidus as nomen protectum, and the senior synonym but forgotten name D. tibialis Zetterstedt, 1838 as nomen oblitum. We provide insights into the historical background of the Zetterstedt name, based on remarks by Loew on Zetterstedt's descriptions. Additionally, nematodes were found for the first time in specimens of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842 from the Alps, and in specimens of Dolichopus urbanus Meigen, 1824, and D. subpennatus d'Assis Fonseca, 1976 from lowlands (Belgium). Nematode-infected specimens of Dolichopus spp. were previously reported exclusively from Scandinavia, and a boreomontane distribution was then suggested.

Abstract

Type material of all synonyms of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842 was examined, except for D. dissimilipes Zetterstedt, 1843 where no type material was available. Lectotype specimens are designated for D. lapponicus Becker, 1917 and D. uliginosulus Dyte, 1980. The previously proposed, but not directly verified synonymy of D. lapponicus with D. lepidus is here confirmed. Two junior synonyms-D. lapponicus and D. cruralis-were provoked by nematode infections that lead to demasculinisation of the males, which mislead former authors in their descriptions. Demasculinised specimens of the junior synonyms are depicted. To stabilize nomenclature, we propose Dolichopus lepidus as nomen protectum, and the senior synonym but forgotten name D. tibialis Zetterstedt, 1838 as nomen oblitum. We provide insights into the historical background of the Zetterstedt name, based on remarks by Loew on Zetterstedt's descriptions. Additionally, nematodes were found for the first time in specimens of Dolichopus lepidus lepidus Staeger, 1842 from the Alps, and in specimens of Dolichopus urbanus Meigen, 1824, and D. subpennatus d'Assis Fonseca, 1976 from lowlands (Belgium). Nematode-infected specimens of Dolichopus spp. were previously reported exclusively from Scandinavia, and a boreomontane distribution was then suggested.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Uncontrolled Keywords:taxonomy; lectotype; synonymy; nomen protectum; parasite; Nematoda
Language:English
Date:August 2010
Deposited On:10 Nov 2010 07:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:15
Publisher:Magnolia Press
ISSN:1175-5326
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation [3100A0-115981]; Swiss National Science Foundation ; Bernasconi [3100A0-115981]}
Additional Information:Type: Article
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/zt02560p060.pdf
Other Identification Number:ISI:000280663300005

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