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Gibt es Posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen bei älteren Schweizerinnen und Schweizern?


Maercker, Andreas; Pielmaier, Laura (2010). Gibt es Posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen bei älteren Schweizerinnen und Schweizern? Schweizer Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, 161(2):64-68.

Abstract

To date, there is only one representative study providing epidemiological data on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Switzerland, showing zero or fairly low prevalences for PTSD in Switzerland [1]. However in a
representative study with elderly people (65–96 years) living in Zurich, we recently reported prevalences of 0.7% for full PTSD according to DSM-IV criteria and 4.2% for partial PTSD using clinical interviews as well as questionnaires [2]. In this paper we present trauma constellations of this sample in a case-related and detailed way. 36% of the sample indicated having
experienced at least one potentially traumatizing event; primarily severe accidents, physical violence and war-related events. Three of four participants suffered from PTSD due to war-related events or political persecution
– they were all naturalized persons and had immigrated to Switzerland from different European countries. For participants with partial PTSD, traumas such as severe accidents, violence, and war-related events occurred almost equally frequent. In the discussion we point out that for the clinical routine both full and partial PTSD should be assessed as full PTSD diagnosis according to the more liberal criteria defined by ICD-10. Furthermore we
draw attention to the great number of Swiss with war-related experiences stemming from different immigration waves and their specific therapeutic needs.

Abstract

To date, there is only one representative study providing epidemiological data on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Switzerland, showing zero or fairly low prevalences for PTSD in Switzerland [1]. However in a
representative study with elderly people (65–96 years) living in Zurich, we recently reported prevalences of 0.7% for full PTSD according to DSM-IV criteria and 4.2% for partial PTSD using clinical interviews as well as questionnaires [2]. In this paper we present trauma constellations of this sample in a case-related and detailed way. 36% of the sample indicated having
experienced at least one potentially traumatizing event; primarily severe accidents, physical violence and war-related events. Three of four participants suffered from PTSD due to war-related events or political persecution
– they were all naturalized persons and had immigrated to Switzerland from different European countries. For participants with partial PTSD, traumas such as severe accidents, violence, and war-related events occurred almost equally frequent. In the discussion we point out that for the clinical routine both full and partial PTSD should be assessed as full PTSD diagnosis according to the more liberal criteria defined by ICD-10. Furthermore we
draw attention to the great number of Swiss with war-related experiences stemming from different immigration waves and their specific therapeutic needs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Date:2010
Deposited On:11 Oct 2010 08:04
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 03:23
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0258-7661
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.sanp.ch/pdf/2010/2010-02/2010-02-054.PDF

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