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Identification of BERP (brain-expressed RING finger protein) as a p53 target gene that modulates seizure susceptibility through interacting with GABA(A) receptors


Cheung, C C; Yang, C; Berger, T; Zaugg, K; Reilly, P; Elia, A J; Wakeham, A; You-Ten, A; Chang, N; Li, L; Wan, Q; Mak, T W (2010). Identification of BERP (brain-expressed RING finger protein) as a p53 target gene that modulates seizure susceptibility through interacting with GABA(A) receptors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 107(26):11883-11888.

Abstract

p53 is a central player in responses to cellular stresses and a major tumor suppressor. The identification of unique molecules within the p53 signaling network can reveal functions of this important transcription factor. Here, we show that brain-expressed RING finger protein (BERP) is a gene whose expression is up-regulated in a p53-dependent manner in human cells and in mice. We generated BERP-deficient mice by gene targeting and demonstrated that they exhibit increased resistance to pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies of cultured cortical neurons of BERP-deficient mice showed a decrease in the amplitude of GABA(A) receptor (GABA(A)R)-mediated miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents as well as reduced surface protein expression of GABA(A)Rs containing the gamma2-subunit. However, BERP deficiency did not decrease GABA(A)Rgamma2 mRNA levels, raising the possibility that BERP may act at a posttranscriptional level to regulate the intracellular trafficking of GABA(A)Rs. Our results indicate that BERP is a unique p53-regulated gene and suggest a role for p53 within the central nervous system.

Abstract

p53 is a central player in responses to cellular stresses and a major tumor suppressor. The identification of unique molecules within the p53 signaling network can reveal functions of this important transcription factor. Here, we show that brain-expressed RING finger protein (BERP) is a gene whose expression is up-regulated in a p53-dependent manner in human cells and in mice. We generated BERP-deficient mice by gene targeting and demonstrated that they exhibit increased resistance to pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies of cultured cortical neurons of BERP-deficient mice showed a decrease in the amplitude of GABA(A) receptor (GABA(A)R)-mediated miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents as well as reduced surface protein expression of GABA(A)Rs containing the gamma2-subunit. However, BERP deficiency did not decrease GABA(A)Rgamma2 mRNA levels, raising the possibility that BERP may act at a posttranscriptional level to regulate the intracellular trafficking of GABA(A)Rs. Our results indicate that BERP is a unique p53-regulated gene and suggest a role for p53 within the central nervous system.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:19 Nov 2010 16:41
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:16
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1006529107
PubMed ID:20543135

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