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High-pitch dual-source CT angiography of the aortic valve-aortic root complex without ECG-synchronization.


Karlo, C A; Leschka, S; Goetti, R P; Feuchtner, G; Desbiolles, L; Stolzmann, P; Plass, A; Falk, V; Marincek, B; Alkadhi, H; Baumüller, S (2010). High-pitch dual-source CT angiography of the aortic valve-aortic root complex without ECG-synchronization. European Radiology, 21(1):205-212.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare image quality and radiation dose of high-pitch computed tomography angiography(CTA) of the aortic valve-aortic root complex with and without prospective ECG-gating compared to a retrospectively ECG-gated standard-pitch acquisition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients(mean age 68 +/- 13 years) were examined using a 128-slice dual-source CT system using prospectively ECG-gated high-pitch(group A; n = 40), non-ECG-gated high-pitch(group B; n = 40) or retrospectively ECG-gated standard-pitch(C; n = 40) acquisition techniques. Image quality of the aortic root, valve and ascending aorta including the coronary ostia was assessed by two independent readers. Image noise was measured, radiation dose estimates were calculated. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement was good(kappa = 0.64-0.78). Image quality was diagnostic in 38/40 patients(group A), 37/40(B) and 38/40(C) with no significant difference in number of patients with diagnostic image quality among all groups (p = 0.56). Significantly more patients showed excellent image quality in group A compared to groups B and C(each, p < 0.01). Average image noise was significantly different between all groups(p < 0.05). Mean radiation dose estimates in groups A and B(each; 2.4 +/- 0.3 mSv) were significantly lower compared to group C(17.5 +/- 4.4 mSv; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: High-pitch dual-source CTA provides diagnostic image quality of the aortic valve-aortic root complex even without ECG-gating at 86% less radiation dose when compared to a standard-pitch ECG-gated acquisition.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare image quality and radiation dose of high-pitch computed tomography angiography(CTA) of the aortic valve-aortic root complex with and without prospective ECG-gating compared to a retrospectively ECG-gated standard-pitch acquisition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 patients(mean age 68 +/- 13 years) were examined using a 128-slice dual-source CT system using prospectively ECG-gated high-pitch(group A; n = 40), non-ECG-gated high-pitch(group B; n = 40) or retrospectively ECG-gated standard-pitch(C; n = 40) acquisition techniques. Image quality of the aortic root, valve and ascending aorta including the coronary ostia was assessed by two independent readers. Image noise was measured, radiation dose estimates were calculated. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement was good(kappa = 0.64-0.78). Image quality was diagnostic in 38/40 patients(group A), 37/40(B) and 38/40(C) with no significant difference in number of patients with diagnostic image quality among all groups (p = 0.56). Significantly more patients showed excellent image quality in group A compared to groups B and C(each, p < 0.01). Average image noise was significantly different between all groups(p < 0.05). Mean radiation dose estimates in groups A and B(each; 2.4 +/- 0.3 mSv) were significantly lower compared to group C(17.5 +/- 4.4 mSv; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: High-pitch dual-source CTA provides diagnostic image quality of the aortic valve-aortic root complex even without ECG-gating at 86% less radiation dose when compared to a standard-pitch ECG-gated acquisition.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2010
Deposited On:16 Dec 2010 10:23
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 17:30
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-010-1907-3
PubMed ID:20677006

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