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Synthesis and Crystal Structure of 3,3,6,6-Tetramethylmorpholine-2,5-dione, and its 5-Monothio- and 2,5-Dithio-Derivatives


Mawad, N; Ghorbani-Salman Pour, F; Linden, A; Heimgartner, H (2010). Synthesis and Crystal Structure of 3,3,6,6-Tetramethylmorpholine-2,5-dione, and its 5-Monothio- and 2,5-Dithio-Derivatives. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 93(12):2326-2346.

Abstract

The synthesis of 3,3-dimethylmorpholine-2,5-diones 4a was achieved conveniently via the ‘direct amide cyclization’ of the linear precursors of type 3, which were prepared by the coupling of 2,2-dimethyl-2H-azirin-3-amines 2 with 2-hydroxyalkanoic acids 1. Thionation of 4a with Lawesson’s reagent yielded the corresponding 5-thioxomorpholin-2-ones 10 and morpholine-2,5-dithiones 11, respectively, depending on the reaction conditions. The structures of 3aa, 4aa, 10a and 11a were established by X-ray crystallography. All attempts to prepare S-containing morpholine-2,5-dione analogs or thiomorpholine-2,5-diones by cyclization of corresponding S-containing precursors were unsuccessful and led to various other products. The structures of some of them have also been established by X-ray crystallography.

Abstract

The synthesis of 3,3-dimethylmorpholine-2,5-diones 4a was achieved conveniently via the ‘direct amide cyclization’ of the linear precursors of type 3, which were prepared by the coupling of 2,2-dimethyl-2H-azirin-3-amines 2 with 2-hydroxyalkanoic acids 1. Thionation of 4a with Lawesson’s reagent yielded the corresponding 5-thioxomorpholin-2-ones 10 and morpholine-2,5-dithiones 11, respectively, depending on the reaction conditions. The structures of 3aa, 4aa, 10a and 11a were established by X-ray crystallography. All attempts to prepare S-containing morpholine-2,5-dione analogs or thiomorpholine-2,5-diones by cyclization of corresponding S-containing precursors were unsuccessful and led to various other products. The structures of some of them have also been established by X-ray crystallography.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:15 December 2010
Deposited On:19 Jan 2011 12:11
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 17:43
Publisher:Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta
ISSN:0018-019X
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.201000318

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