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Mycophenolate mofetil reduces alveolar inflammation, acute rejection and graft loss due to bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation


Speich, R; Schneider, S; Hofer, M; Irani, S; Vogt, P; Weder, W; Boehler, A (2010). Mycophenolate mofetil reduces alveolar inflammation, acute rejection and graft loss due to bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation. Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 23(5):445-449.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is still the main complication after lung transplantation. Besides other improvements in post-operative management, newer immunosuppressive regimens might decrease the devastating sequelae of this complication.

METHODS: We compared the prospectively collected data of lung transplant recipients treated either with azathioprine (AZA; n = 48) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; n = 108), who underwent regular monthly surveillance bronchoscopies for at least 6 post-operative months.

RESULTS: Patients on MMF had significantly fewer acute (P < 0.001) and recurrent (P < 0.001), as well as less severe rejection episodes (P = 0.01). In addition, MMF significantly reduced the number of alveolar lymphocytes, eosinophils and neutrophils (P < 0.001), and decreased the hemosiderin score reflecting non-specific alveolar-capillary damage (P < 0.001). Although there was no change in the three stages of BOS, there was a trend towards improved survival (P = 0.062) and a significant decrease in graft loss due to BOS (P = 0.049) in patients receiving MMF.

CONCLUSIONS: Immunosuppression with MMF significantly decreased the incidence, severity and recurrence of acute rejection episodes in lung transplant recipients. Parameters of alveolar inflammation and alveolar-capillary damage were also decreased. As a potential consequence, MMF significantly reduced graft loss due to BOS and tended to improve overall survival in these patients.
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is still the main complication after lung transplantation. Besides other improvements in post-operative management, newer immunosuppressive regimens might decrease the devastating sequelae of this complication.

METHODS: We compared the prospectively collected data of lung transplant recipients treated either with azathioprine (AZA; n = 48) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; n = 108), who underwent regular monthly surveillance bronchoscopies for at least 6 post-operative months.

RESULTS: Patients on MMF had significantly fewer acute (P < 0.001) and recurrent (P < 0.001), as well as less severe rejection episodes (P = 0.01). In addition, MMF significantly reduced the number of alveolar lymphocytes, eosinophils and neutrophils (P < 0.001), and decreased the hemosiderin score reflecting non-specific alveolar-capillary damage (P < 0.001). Although there was no change in the three stages of BOS, there was a trend towards improved survival (P = 0.062) and a significant decrease in graft loss due to BOS (P = 0.049) in patients receiving MMF.

CONCLUSIONS: Immunosuppression with MMF significantly decreased the incidence, severity and recurrence of acute rejection episodes in lung transplant recipients. Parameters of alveolar inflammation and alveolar-capillary damage were also decreased. As a potential consequence, MMF significantly reduced graft loss due to BOS and tended to improve overall survival in these patients.
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:13 Jan 2011 19:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1094-5539
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pupt.2010.04.004
PubMed ID:20394831

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