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Functions of Nogo proteins and their receptors in the nervous system


Schwab, M E (2010). Functions of Nogo proteins and their receptors in the nervous system. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 11(12):799-811.

Abstract

The membrane protein Nogo-A was initially characterized as a CNS-specific inhibitor of axonal regeneration. Recent studies have uncovered regulatory roles of Nogo proteins and their receptors--in precursor migration, neurite growth and branching in the developing nervous system--as well as a growth-restricting function during CNS maturation. The function of Nogo in the adult CNS is now understood to be that of a negative regulator of neuronal growth, leading to stabilization of the CNS wiring at the expense of extensive plastic rearrangements and regeneration after injury. In addition, Nogo proteins interact with various intracellular components and may have roles in the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) structure, processing of amyloid precursor protein and cell survival.

Abstract

The membrane protein Nogo-A was initially characterized as a CNS-specific inhibitor of axonal regeneration. Recent studies have uncovered regulatory roles of Nogo proteins and their receptors--in precursor migration, neurite growth and branching in the developing nervous system--as well as a growth-restricting function during CNS maturation. The function of Nogo in the adult CNS is now understood to be that of a negative regulator of neuronal growth, leading to stabilization of the CNS wiring at the expense of extensive plastic rearrangements and regeneration after injury. In addition, Nogo proteins interact with various intracellular components and may have roles in the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) structure, processing of amyloid precursor protein and cell survival.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2010
Deposited On:05 Jan 2011 08:58
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 05:16
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1471-003X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2936
PubMed ID:21045861

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