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Alteration of B-cell subsets enhances neuroinvasion in mouse scrapie infection


von Poser-Klein, C; Flechsig, E; Hoffmann, T; Schwarz, P; Harms, H; Bujdoso, R; Aguzzi, A; Klein, M A (2008). Alteration of B-cell subsets enhances neuroinvasion in mouse scrapie infection. Journal of Virology, 82(7):3791-3795.

Abstract

Acquired forms of prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are believed to occur following peripheral exposure. Prions initially accumulate in the lymphoid system before spreading to the nervous system, but the underlying mechanisms for prion transfer between the two systems are still elusive. Here we show that ablation of the B-cell-specific transmembrane protein CD19, a coreceptor of the complement system, results in an acceleration of prion neuroinvasion. This appears to be due to an alteration of the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) network within the lymphoid tissue, thereby reducing the distance between FDCs and adjacent nerve fibers that mediate prion neuroinvasion.

Abstract

Acquired forms of prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are believed to occur following peripheral exposure. Prions initially accumulate in the lymphoid system before spreading to the nervous system, but the underlying mechanisms for prion transfer between the two systems are still elusive. Here we show that ablation of the B-cell-specific transmembrane protein CD19, a coreceptor of the complement system, results in an acceleration of prion neuroinvasion. This appears to be due to an alteration of the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) network within the lymphoid tissue, thereby reducing the distance between FDCs and adjacent nerve fibers that mediate prion neuroinvasion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2008
Deposited On:14 Nov 2008 17:13
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 14:52
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0022-538X
Additional Information:Copyright: American Society for Microbiology
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02036-07
PubMed ID:18199638

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